“Be careful for nothing; but in everything by prayer and supplication with thanksgiving let your requests be made known unto God.”  Phil. 4:6


Now that Paul has told us in no uncertain terms not to worry he begins to explain how this is done. This short but power-packed little verse gives us five very important steps that move us from anxiety and fear to peace and faith. So Let’s unpack them and discover this wonderful truth from God’s Word.


“Be careful for nothing; but in everything by prayer and supplication with thanksgiving let your requests be made known unto God.”  Phil. 4:6

The apostle Paul uses five Greek words in this verse that describe five different aspects of prayer. The first word is the Greek word proseuche which is translated prayer in the King James version. Indeed, proseuche is the most commonly used word for prayer in the New Testament being used as such 127 times.

Proseuche combines the words pros and euche to form one word. Pros means toward and almost always indicates a sense of close, intimate connection with someone. This same word is translated with in John 1:1, “…the Word was with God,” and at least one commentator has translated the verse to read, “…and the Word was face-to-face with God….”

The word euche denotes a wish, desire, or vow. The original use of this word characterized one who made a vow to God due to some need or desire in their life. Therefore, this word pictures the idea of exchange; a giving of something to God in exchange for something wanted or desired.


Consequently, the way we apply the word proseuche to our lives is by drawing close to God in an intimate face-to-face time of prayer. We then exchange all of our worries, fears, and concerns for His peace in our lives. What a great deal! We give God our problems and He gives us His peace!


“Be careful for nothing; but in everything by prayer and supplication with thanksgiving let your requests be made known unto God.”  Phil. 4:6

The next word on our list is the Greek word deisis, translated “supplication” in the KJV. This word portrays someone with some form of need or distress in their life who, as a result, pleads earnestly for their need to be met. This appeal pushes pride to the side and passionately cries out for help.

This word also appears in James 5:16 where it is translated “fervent prayer.” Moreover, this passage describes this type of prayer as one that “availeth much.” The fervency of this type of prayer is further exemplified in this passage by recalling to our memory Elijah when he prayed for it to rain after three years of drought. Indeed, Elijah threw himself to the ground and assumed the position of childbirth (1 Kings 18:42) travailing in prayer until his servant saw a cloud in the sky which was followed by a great rain.


In applying this type of prayer to our lives, it is important to understand that this prayer requires that we earnestly seek God. This prayer gives birth to miracles in the spirit realm. The phrase availeth much in Jas. 5:16 means has much force. The old Pentecostal term praying through comes to mind; portraying someone that doesn’t stop praying until they have broken through. For example, Daniel prayed 21 days while spiritual warfare was taking place in the spirit realm. The breakthrough happened and he received the answers he was seeking. However, if Daniel had stopped praying before the victory was secured he might have been disappointed.

I’m not saying that you have to pray 21 days every time you have an urgent need in your life, all I’m saying is to pray until you know that you have reached heaven and touched the heart of God. Indeed, oftentimes the church of today is into microwaving when a good dose of marinating is needed.


“Be careful for nothing; but in everything by prayer and supplication with thanksgiving let your requests be made known unto God.”  Phil. 4:6

What Paul instructs us to do next goes against human reasoning. He tells us to offer our prayer and supplication to God with thanksgiving. Not only are we to give thanks to God for the things we pray for but we are to give thanks before we receive the things we prayed for. Furthermore, our thanksgiving should be no timid affair. The Greek word, eucharistia, translated thanksgiving in this verse, means an outpouring of grace and of wonderful feelings that freely flow from the heart in response to someone or something. This guards against a whining, complaining spirit before God when we “let our requests be made known.”


We need to be just as passionate in our thanksgiving as we were when we made our requests. Furthermore, even though we just made our request and the answer has not manifested yet, we need to thank God in advance. Thanking Him in advance demonstrates faith!


“Be careful for nothing; but in everything by prayer and supplication with thanksgiving let your requests be made known unto God.”  Phil. 4:6

Our fourth stop on our journey through the five steps that move us to peace and faith is the Greek word aiteo, translated requests in the KJV. Aiteo communicates in a very strong way the place we can arrive at when we truly surrender our lives to God. Indeed, this word means to be adamant in requesting and even demanding assistance to meet tangible needs, such as food, shelter, money, and so forth. This word depicts someone who, after approaching God with respect and honor due to His name, demands that a specific need be met.

John 15:7

However, this word does not endorse the “name it, claim it” crowd. Furthermore, conditions must be met before God can be approached in this manner. In John 15:7 we read, “If ye abide in me, and my words abide in you, ye shall ask what ye will, and it shall be done unto you.” The word translated ask in this verse is the same word, aiteo, that is used in Phil. 4:6 for requests. But we notice that before we can “ask what ye will” we must qualify by abiding in Jesus and having His Word abide in us. The word, abide in this verse means to stay, continue, or live in. This word (Greek-meno) is in the subjunctive mood and aorist tense which simply portrays a definite outcome that will happen as a result of another stated action. In other words, this Scripture says, “If you live in Me, and My words live in you, then you have met the conditions; you qualify to ask whatever you want and it will happen.

Psalm 37:4

Let’s qualify this even more. In Ps. 37:4 we read, “Delight thyself also in the LORD; and he shall give thee the desires of thine heart.”  In other words, seek your pleasure and happiness in God and He will grant your every desire because your desires will be in total agreement for what He desires for you because of your close and intimate relationship with Him.


This means when you pray about a need that concerns you, it is right for you to pray authoritatively. AS LONG AS YOUR PRAYER IS BASED ON THE WORD OF GOD, you can have the assurance of God’s promise regarding the issue you are most concerned about. Furthermore, when you pray, it is spiritually appropriate for you to fully expect God to honor His Word and do what you have requested.


“Be careful for nothing; but in everything by prayer and supplication with thanksgiving let your requests be made known unto God.”        Phil. 4:6

God requires that we come to Him and express our needs. Not as if you were to give God information He doesn’t already know, He just wants you to express it to Him (Eze. 36:37). Moreover, God desires that every concern you have be brought before Him regardless of how big or small it might be. This quote from Joseph Benson puts this thought very succinctly, “They who, by a preposterous shame, or distrustful modesty, cover, stifle, or keep in their desires, as if they were either too small or too great to be spread before God, must be racked with care, from which they are entirely delivered who pour them out with a free and filial confidence.”

This word also continues the image of being bold in “making our requests known to God.” Indeed, it means to declare something, to broadcast something; or to make something very evident.

Listen, I’m not saying to forgo humility when you petition God. What I’m saying is we don’t need to come to God all whiny and mealy-mouthed. Humility is not that! Humility simply means a lack of pride and arrogance; a person that does not exalt himself above others.


So, in conclusion, let’s put all these definitions and ideas together into an amplified version of Phil. 4:6:

“Don’t worry about anything – and that means nothing at all! Instead, come before God and give Him the things that concern you so He can in exchange give you what you need or desire as you delight yourself in Him. Be bold to strongly, passionately, and fervently make your request known to God, making certain that a sincere thankfulness, thanking God in advance of receiving the things that you have asked for, goes along with your strong asking. When you pray, be so bold that there is no doubt your prayer was heard. Broadcast it! Declare it! Pray boldly until you have the assurance that God has heard your request!”


I sincerely hope that these last two posts on this website have hit home especially through what our world is going through right now. Use this passage in your life including the two verses that follow this one. Pray the Word, especially passages like Psalm 91 and Psalm 23 among many others. Prayer does still work! And as I conclude this post, I want to leave you with this Scripture:


“Trust in the LORD with all thine heart; and lean not unto thine own understanding. In all thy ways acknowledge him, and he shall direct thy paths.”


So, I just bought a new spiritual journal that contains a Bible passage at the bottom of each page. In keeping with a promise I made on Facebook about writing mini-Bible studies while observing the governor’s order to have no meetings over ten people, I decided to write some S.O.A.P. journals based on these Scriptures.

What’s a “soap” journal you ask? It’s a form of journaling that incorporates the letters of the word soap, using them as an acrostic. The “S” stands for Scripture; the “O” stands for observation; the “A” stands for application; the “P” stands for prayer. They are supposed to be short but mine never are. So, with that in mind, let’s get started.


“Be anxious for nothing, but in everything by prayer and supplication with thanksgiving let your requests be made known to God.”      (Phil. 4:6 LEB)


Did you know that worry is a sin? The Apostle Paul says this in no uncertain terms in Phil. 4:6 when he says, “Be anxious for nothing.” To be sure, this phrase in the Greek is in the imperative mood which makes it a command, not a suggestion. Why is this so important? David Guzik explains it like this, “Undue care is an intrusion into an arena that belongs to God alone. It makes us the father of the household instead of being a child.”


The Greek word for anxious in this verse is merimnao which means to be troubled; to be anxious; to be fretful; or to be worried about something. This kind of fear suffocates and strips away a person’s capacity to enjoy what they possess.

When Paul wrote this, the word merimnao described a person worried about the basic necessities of life, someone worried about providing food and clothing, a place to live and other necessities of life.

Jesus’ Use of the Word Merimnao

Jesus uses this same word in Matt. 6:25 where he says, “Therefore I say unto you, Take no thought for your life, what ye shall eat, or what ye shall drink; nor yet for your body, what ye shall put on. Is not the life more than meat, and the body than raiment?” Jesus combines this word with the Greek word me which means an absolute denial or intense prohibition against something that is already taking place. Indeed, He was urging everyone to stop worrying. Moreover, Jesus specifically told us to not worry about our food and clothing and other necessities of life. Sounds like He might have also been peering into today’s world when He uttered those words.

According to the parable of the sower in Matt. 13:22, Jesus says the cares (merimnao again) of this world choke the word of God. Choke is from the Greek word sumpnigo which means to suffocate, to smother, to asphyxiate, to choke, or to throttle. Clearly, worry has the ability to consume you in such a way that your life comes to a screeching halt as you are smothered by your fear.


To conclude, Phil. 4:6 tells us to not let everything that is going on in the world right now cause you to panic. The word translated nothing in the phrase “Be anxious for nothing” means absolutely nothing! The ISV translation says it best, “Don’t worry about anything!” That means don’t worry about anything at all!

Jesus wants you to “cast all your cares upon Him, for He cares for you (1Pet. 5:7).” He wants you to walk free of all those smothering, suffocating fears once and for all!


Father God, I repent of the worry and fear that has been gripping my heart during this coronavirus pandemic. I know You don’t mean for us to be unwise during this crisis, but we can have complete confidence that none of this caught You by surprise and You do have everything under control and all of us in Your hand. Thank You, Father, for Your peace and Your joy in Jesus Mighty Name, amen.


Thanks for reading! Let me know what you think. We will explore the rest of this verse in a post coming very soon.


Episcopal priest Samuel M. Shoemaker, considered one of the best preachers of his era said this concerning the Holy Spirit, “True spiritual power of the Christian order is a kind of possessedness. It arises in and flows through a life hid with Christ in God. Its source is the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, and the potency of the Holy Spirit.” Concerning the Baptism in the Holy Spirit, Jack Hayford said, “It is a call to abandon ourselves to the Holy Spirit – to yield to His fullness, to open to the worship He enables, to utilize the full prayer resources He supplies and to exalt and minister the works of our Lord, Jesus Christ.

The Apostle Paul characterizes the attitude of much of the Church living in the last days saying they would have “a form of godliness but deny its power,” and “from such people turn away. We desperately need the power that the Holy Spirit gives to be effective ministers for God’s Kingdom and the influencers for Him that we need to be.


Each day of the Feast of Tabernacles the priest would fill a golden vase with water from the pool of Siloam and carry it to the Temple. He would then pour it out on the western side of the altar of burnt-offering while another priest poured out a drink offering of wine on the east side of the altar. This commemorated the miraculous provision of water from the rock during the Israelites wilderness wanderings. It was during this ceremony on the last day of the feast that Jesus spoke and said, “If any man thirst, let him come to Me, and drink. He that believeth on Me, as the Scripture hath said, out of his belly shall flow rivers of living water (Jn. 7:37,38). Verse 39 of this passage informs us that Jesus was speaking of the baptism in the Holy Spirit and that it would quench one’s spiritual thirst.

Jack Hayford, speaking of the baptism in the Holy Spirit from this passage, describes these rivers as different ministries and spiritual manifestations greatly enhanced by the flow of the Spirit. These being rivers of worship and praise; rivers of witness, ministry, and gifts; rivers of intercession and prayer; and rivers of fruitfulness, strength, and revelation. All these rivers would not be possible without the infusion of power available through the baptism in the Holy Spirit.


Jesus told us that we would be clothed with power from on high according to the Father’s promise (Luke 24:49). He said we would be given power to witness to the point of being able to lay down our life if need be (Acts 1:8 witness: Greek martoos; where we get the word martyr). We are told in Mark 16:15-20 that our witness should be accompanied by signs following, confirming the Word being spoken.


This promise that the first Christians experienced is for us today (Acts 2:17,18, 37-41). When we experience miracles as we minister, the skeptics have nothing they can say. It is the power of the Holy Spirit that captivates the pre-Christian (Mark 16:15-20; Acts 5:12-16; 6:8).

A great example from Scripture of how the gifts of the Spirit transformed an entire community is from Acts 9:32-42. In this passage, Aeneas was healed of the palsy and Tabitha was raised from the dead. The Scripture says, “that all that dwelt at Lydda and Saron saw him (Aeneas), and turned to the Lord.” The Scripture then says concerning Tabitha being raised from the dead, “And it was known throughout all Joppa; and many believed in the Lord.” Revival broke out because of the power of the Holy Spirit in the lives of His servants.


Derek Prince instructs us that there are two ways to receive the Holy Spirit. He likens the first way to Resurrection Sunday and the second way he likens to Pentecost Sunday. In John 20:19-22 Jesus appears to His disciples and shows them His hands and feet to convince them that it was the same body He had, now resurrected. He then imparted the Holy Spirit to them by breathing on them. The Greek indicates He did this to each one individually. They received immediately passing from Old Testament salvation to New Testament salvation. Confession and belief are needed for New Testament salvation according to Romans 10:9. They had already confessed Jesus as Lord during His earthly ministry. At this point, there was no doubt they believed He rose from the dead. Therefore, at salvation, the Holy Spirit comes to dwell in the believer. But, there was clearly something more that God wanted them to receive. In Luke 24:48,49, Jesus called it the promise of the Father. Jesus told the disciples to wait for this experience in Jerusalem. This occurred after the ascension and, therefore, could not be the same thing they experienced in John 20:19-22.

In the Book of Acts 2:1-21,38,39, the Holy Spirit falls on the 120 disciples gathered in the upper room and “they began to speak in other tongues as the Spirit gave utterance.” This experience totally immersed (baptizo) the believer in the Holy Spirit and empowered him for ministry. This baptism happened in three phases. In the first phase, the Holy Spirit came down like a mighty rushing wind and filled the house. The disciples were overwhelmed or “baptized” from above. Second, they were all filled with the Holy Spirit. The third phase was the overflow; they began to speak with other tongues. This was Pentecost Sunday. This process can be stopped by the believer at any point, depriving him/her of the full blessing.

Listen, the disciples received the manifest, supernatural power of the Holy Spirit on the day of Pentecost. It was manifest in that everybody knew it happened. It was supernatural since it could not be reproduced in the natural. They received a power that gave them boldness to witness that they did not possess on their own. They received an insight into Scripture that no normal fisherman or tax collector would possess. By this baptism in the Holy Spirit, they were released to apostolic mission by which all Jerusalem felt the impact. And by the power of the Holy Spirit, they turned the known world upside down. This did not happen until the baptism in the Holy Spirit, subsequent to salvation, turned a group of men and women (yes they were there too) that were scared to show their faces in public, into dynamic, fearless, bold witnesses for the Gospel of Jesus Christ.


Before we answer the question of whether or not speaking in tongues is the initial evidence of the baptism in the Holy Spirit, let’s look at some Biblical reasons for speaking in tongues. In 1 Corinthians 14:5,18,19 the apostle Paul encourages everyone to speak in tongues and prophesy. In 1 Corinthians 14:4 and Jude 1:20, we are told that praying and worshipping in tongues edifies the believer spiritually and builds up the inner man. Praying and worshipping in tongues allows us to enter the realm of the supernatural. We are communicating with the Lord in the natural and supernatural dimensions (1 Cor. 14:14,15).

Isaiah 28:11 (quoted by Paul in 1 Corinthians 14:21) is prophetic of the gift of tongues in the Church Age and is the refreshing and rest spoken of in Isaiah 28:12. As far as tongues being the initial evidence of the baptism in the Holy Spirit, I personally feel that a better terminology would be the seal or culmination of the baptism in the Holy Spirit. Can you receive this gift without speaking in tongues? I feel that yes, you can, but you’re stopping short of what God really wants you to have if you do. Regardless, Scripture tells us that speaking in tongues was the seal that the apostles received when they received the baptism in the Holy Spirit and it was the seal they recognized in others who received [Acts 8:14-19 (implied);10:44-46; 19:1-7].


So, how do you receive the baptism in the Holy Spirit? Easy! You ask for it! Luke 11:9-13 informs us that we have a good and wonderful heavenly Father who is ready and willing to give us the Holy Spirit when we ask. In this passage, Jesus asks the disciples if an earthly father would give a stone to a son who asks for bread, or a serpent to a son who asks for a fish, or a scorpion to a son who asks for an egg. Of course, it is ridiculous to think that any earthly father unless they are demented, would do any of these things. It would be even more ridiculous to think that our heavenly Father would not give His children the Holy Spirit when we ask for Him.

Consequently, we receive the gift of the Holy Spirit the moment we ask in faith believing, just like when we asked for salvation. We come to God thirsty and ready to drink and then we release the outflow through our mouth in the form of speaking in tongues. By the way, you do not lose control of your mouth when you are speaking in tongues. 1 Corinthians 14:32 tells us that, “The spirit of the prophet is subject to the prophet.” In other words, you are in control. You hear the words in your spirit and speak them out through your mouth.


Once we have been baptized in the Holy Spirit, we are commanded to be filled with the Holy Spirit daily (Ephesians 5:18-19). You have not arrived once you have been baptized in the Holy Spirit. This gift is not a goal; it is a gateway into the realm of the supernatural that will greatly enhance the work you do for God’s kingdom.


The Scriptures point out quite conclusively that the baptism in the Holy Spirit is a separate work from salvation. By the way, in case you are under the impression that the Baptism in the Holy Spirit and the subsequent gifts of the Spirit belong only to the first century Church, Acts 2:39 says, “For the promise is unto you, and to your children, and to all that are afar off, even as many as the Lord our God shall call.” Can you make it to heaven without it? Yes, but you will seriously miss out on wonderful blessings in your life and in the lives of others by not taking advantage of this gift and all that God has available for you through it.


I’m sure by now it is apparent how much I like to teach lessons in series. As a matter of fact, I will most often have several series going on at the same time. This blog post on the Baptism in the Holy Spirit continues the discipleship series which also contains posts on salvation, what’s next, and water baptism.

With that in mind, let us begin the discussion on the Baptism in the Holy Spirit. This discussion will take several posts to complete and will lead directly into posts on the person of, functions, ministries, fruit and gifts of the Holy Spirit. This first post will relate my own personal experience with this wonderful gift and my early days as a Christian.

My Testimony

After a life of sin that was way beyond my young age, I was born again at the ripe old age of 16 on August 28, 1980. After about six months I began to feel God calling me into the ministry. Soon after, I received my minister’s license from Mt. Calvary Baptist Church in Dallas, Texas. Everything was going well as God began to give me an intense desire to win souls for His kingdom. Consequently, this desire led me to a little coffee house street outreach ministry called the Alpha House. My weekend evenings began to be filled with street witnessing up and down Galloway Ave., the cruising strip in Mesquite, Texas. Indeed, I lived for these experiences and I loved my new friends.

Something’s Different

However, I very quickly realized that my new friends were not Baptist. This really didn’t matter much to me because they loved to win souls as much as I did. Nevertheless, It was during times of corporate prayer and worship that God began to develop a deep hunger for His presence in me. When the coffee house praise team would be ministering, I would notice the others with their hands lifted up with intense expressions of euphoria and passion written all over their faces. Now, don’t get me wrong, the people at my church sincerely loved the Lord, but, we didn’t worship in this manner and I wanted the rapture that I saw on their faces.

Tuesday Night Bible Study

Tuesday nights at the Alpha House were Bible study nights. One Tuesday night in particular a staff member named Stan taught on the three baptisms in a Christian’s life. When Stan arrived at the section on the baptism in the Holy Spirit I heard Scriptures I had never heard or read before. This was especially true of the passages in the Book of Acts that were brought to light; Scriptures our denomination tended to avoid. As a result, I was somewhat bewildered after the study was over and approached Stan to discuss the study with him. Stan, being the wise man that he was, simply told me to go home and read the Book of Acts and then ask God if there was anything else He wanted to give me and if there was I wanted it.

That Night

I read the entire Book of Acts that night and saw several things that, in my ignorance, I had preached against. Accordingly, my eyes were opened and in my bedroom I prayed the prayer that Stan had told me to pray. God immediately baptized me in the Holy Spirit and I began to speak in tongues “as the Spirit gave me utterance” (Acts 2:4). That was about 38 years ago and I can’t even begin to imagine what my life and ministry would have been like without this precious gift.


Contrary to popular belief, Christianity is an experiential religion. Although doctrine, theology, and dividing the Word are very important, indeed the most important disciplines in Christianity, the experiences we have are also extremely important. However, these experiences absolutely must line up with the Word of God, and when this happens, these experiences help to make a complete and mature Christian. The next part of this study deals with the scriptural basis of the baptism in the Holy Spirit.



“But you, O man of God, Flee these things; and follow after righteousness, godliness, faith, love, patience, meekness. Fight the good fight of faith, lay hold on eternal life, whereunto you are also called, and have professed a good profession before many witnesses.”     1 Tim. 11,12


In this soap journal we will contrast King Solomon and King Joash’s failures with the godly lives of Paul and Timothy. Moreover, we will show how Timothy took to heart the command of Paul to fight the good fight of faith as opposed to King Solomon and King Joash’s waning faith at the end of their lives.


Solomon started out so well. When God appeared to him and asked Solomon what he would like from God, Solomon asked for the exact thing that he needed the most: wisdom! He became the wisest man that ever lived besides Jesus. Kings and queens from all over the known world came to visit Solomon to verify for themselves how wisely Solomon ruled his kingdom.

Unfortunately, Solomon let his passions get the best of him and ended up following the gods of his wives. He only had 700 wives and 300 concubines (mistresses). Most of his marriages stemmed from peace treaties with foreign countries. Indeed, his marriage to these women sealed the deal. Solomon may have thought he could lead these women to the God of Israel. However, they ended up drawing him away from the One true God and into the worship of idols.


Joash also started out well. After his wicked grandmother, Queen Athaliah met her demise at the order of the priest Jehoiada, Joash assumed the throne. The temple of Baal was torn down and Joash repaired the temple of Yahweh (2 Kings 12:4-16). In addition, Joash persuaded King Hazael of Syria to not attack Jerusalem (2 Kings 12:17-18).

But then Joash’s trusted mentor, the priest Jehoiada, died. Joash began to listen to wicked advisors. Moreover, he revived the worship of Baal and Asherah in Judah. He even had Jehoiada’s son, the prophet Zechariah, stoned to death when he tried to warn Joash of his wicked ways. Joash was later assassinated by his servants who conspired against him (2 Chron. 24:17-25; 2 Kings 12:20).

Paul and Timothy

Paul, in his first letter to Timothy, instructs him to “Fight the good fight of faith.” Paul fought this fight of faith and finished a winner. Moreover, the Scriptures tell us that Paul had “finished the race and kept the faith.” A “crown of righteousness” awaited Paul’s arrival in heaven (2 Tim. 4:7-8). I have no doubt that he received the greeting every Christian longs to hear, “Well done, good and faithful servant….Enter into the joy of your Lord” (Matt. 25:23).

Paul instructed Timothy to flee the lust and evil of the world and follow after “righteousness, godliness, faith, love, steadfastness and gentleness” (1 Tim. 6:11-12). He instructed Timothy to “preach the Word; be instant in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all longsuffering and doctrine” (2 Tim. 4:2). Timothy did not try to finish his course by hanging on to the coattails of Paul. On the contrary, according to church tradition, he continued on as the overseer at Ephesus after Paul’s death and eventually suffered martyrdom under the Emperor Domition.

They Finished Well

These two heroic saints of God suffered incredible hardship in their walks with God and yet they finished well. They did not allow the distractions of the world to derail them before they could finish.


Hebrews 3:14 tells us, “For we are made partakers of Christ, if we hold the beginning of our confidence steadfast unto the end.” Listen, it matters much more how we finish than how we begin. Don’t blow it all on the enticements of this world. Look for that “city which hath foundations, whose builder and maker is God” like Abraham did (Heb. 11:10). Finish Well! A great cloud of witnesses cheers you on every step of your journey (Heb. 12:1). Finish the race! Fight the good fight of faith all the way to the end!


Father God, help us to be diligent in our walk with You. Open our eyes to things in our lives that could bring us down. Give us the strength to fight the “good fight of faith” remaining steadfast to the end. Help us Father to keep our eyes upon Jesus when the enemy sends distractions our way. Guide us O’ God through this course of life that we may be able to hear you say, “Well done, thou good and faithful servant, enter into the joy of your Lord,” In Jesus Name, Amen.  


In part one of the Cosmological Argument for the Existence of God we began to argue for the existence of God by presenting the Kalam Cosmological Argument. We will now continue with that train of thought by considering the Kalam argument’s impact on time and causality then we will discuss contingent and necessary beings. In addition, we will discuss scientific proofs for the Cosmological Argument.


In our last post we spoke of the absurdity of actual infinities and how their non-existence proves the universe is finite. The non-existence of actual infinities can be further demonstrated by applying two factors; time and causality.


The fact that “Now” exists proves that time cannot be infinite. A great example of this can be found in Holman’s Quicksource Guide to Christian Apologetics which says, “…Picture the moment “now” as a destination, like a train station. Then picture time as train tracks that are actually infinitely long. If you were a passenger waiting on the train to arrive, how long would you have to wait? The answer is: forever. You can never reach the end of infinity; thus, infinitely long train tracks cannot ever be crossed. There is no end to arrive at, no station.” In other words, an infinite number of past moments prior to the here and now could not have happened. Therefore, at some point time began to exist.


However, time did not just suddenly appear all by itself out of nowhere. The fact that time had a beginning means that something started the clock ticking. An effect without a cause does not exist. You might be thinking, “Well, if that is the case then God must have a cause.” However, because causes exist now, there must exist a beginning to the sequence. There must exist a cause that does not exist as an effect; an uncaused cause, or initial cause. This uncaused cause would be God.


The Kalam argument declares to us that the universe began to exist and must have been caused by an uncaused cause. Consequently, there can only be two possible choices of what this uncaused cause must be; personal or impersonal. Doug Powell answers this question with a question, “What kind of thing relies on nothing for its existence, has the power to create something from nothing, has a will to do it or not do it, and has the characteristic of existing outside of the creation? Does this sound like a personal or impersonal being? Personal, of course! Thus, the Kalam argument brings us to the conclusion that the universe had a beginning that was caused by a personal, transcendent being.”


Before we move on we need to discuss something the Kalam argument fails to address. While the Kalam argument deals with the initial cause of the universe, it neglects to address the sustaining factors of the universe. For this discussion we must address two terms: contingent existence and necessary existence.

Contingent Existence

Contingent existence can either be or not be; the possibility exists for it not to exist. For example, you are contingent on your parents for existence, and they are contingent upon their parents before them, and so on and so on. Nevertheless, there remains the possibility for that contingent thing to not exist.

Necessary Existence

On the other hand, a necessary being must exist for it is not possible for that being not to exist. Furthermore, to exist necessarily is to exist without contingencies or dependencies. This being would necessarily be the Kalam argument’s First Cause which by definition would be God.

Doug Powell sums it up quite well, “Nothing we see in the universe has to exist. Everything we see could just as well not have existed. This makes everything that exists simply possible, not necessary. But something does exist. ‘Therefore,’ says Aquinas, ‘not all beings are merely possible, but there must exist something the existence of which is necessary.’ Thus we know that a necessary being must exist in order to account for the possible beings that do exist; it makes the possible beings possible. A BEING THAT IS NECESSARY FOR THE EXISTENCE OF ALL THINGS IS CALLED GOD.”


Let’s switch gears now and discuss some scientific evidence for the cosmological argument. Under this heading, we examine two areas that give credence to the cosmological argument for the existence of God: the Big Bang Theory and the Law of Entropy.



According to Norman Geisler’s The Big Book of Christian Apologetics, “Big bang cosmology is a widely accepted theory regarding the origin of the universe according to which the material universe or cosmos exploded into being some 13-15 billion years ago. Since then the universe has been expanding and developing according to conditions set at the moment of its origin.”

When one thinks of the term “Big Bang” one might imagine all sorts of images in their mind. Indeed, one might picture the sudden explosiveness of a massive thermonuclear bomb detonating and destroying everything in its shock-wave path for miles and miles. Moreover, one might imagine the total disorder and chaos of an industrial plant that produces fertilizers or plastics suddenly exploding for no apparent reason and the resulting blast zone with debris scattered everywhere in no pre-arranged pattern whatsoever. Such a bang would yield total destruction and disorder.

In contrast, the Big Bang that represents the beginning of our universe unfolded in a totally different way. Astronomer Hugh Ross explains it this way, “In truth, this ‘bang’ represents an immensely powerful yet carefully planned and controlled release of matter, energy, space, and time within the strict confines of carefully fine-tuned physical constants and laws that govern their behavior and interactions. The power and care this explosion reveals exceeds human potential for design by multiple orders of magnitude.


You might be thinking, “That all sounds very impressive but what kind of evidence exists for this theory?” Believe it or not the evidence is very compelling. Without listing all the scientific equations let’s look at the evidence.


Way back in 1916, Albert Einstein gave us the first direct scientific evidence for a big bang universe; The General Theory of Relativity. Einstein’s equations showed that the universe was not static but was either contracting or expanding. The velocities of the galaxies prove that it is expanding. In fact, when Einstein discerned that his field equations of general relativity predicted an expanding universe he was unable to accept the ramifications of a cosmic beginning. Consequently, he doctored his theory to conform with the prevailing thinking of his day; an eternally existing universe. Einstein later stated that adding this “Cosmological constant” to his theory was the biggest blunder of his career.

Cosmic Background Radiation

At the very beginning of the universe, the universe existed as an almost infinitely hot singularity (that sprang into being out of nothing, i.e., ex nihilo creation). As the universe exploded and expanded, this heat left behind a “glow” that fills the entire universe. This leftover glow was predicted by the Big Bang theory which also predicted it would exist as microwave radiation. The cosmic background radiation has been accurately measured by the COBE (Cosmic Background Explorer) satellite as well as other satellites.

Cosmic Background Radiation Fluctuations

In addition to predicting an expanding universe with a leftover cosmic background radiation (afterglow), the Big Bang also predicted that there would be slight variations or ripples in the temperature of the cosmic background radiation.

Consequently, in 1992 the COBE research satellite not only detected these ripples, but scientists were amazed at their precision. The ripples indicate that the explosion and expansion of the universe was precisely fine-tuned to cause just enough matter to congregate to allow galaxy formation, but not enough to cause the universe to collapse back on itself. The slightest variation in either direction would cause us to not be here to talk about it.

Such was the amazement of the researchers that the project leader, astronomer George Smoot (atheist) proclaimed, “If you’re religious, it’s like looking at God.”


Also known as the Second Law of Thermodynamics, the Law of Entropy states two undeniable facts. First of all it states that the universe is running out of usable energy. This leads scientists to the obvious conclusion that one day the universe will die having exhausted all of it’s usable energy. When we couple the Law of Entropy with the First Law of Thermodynamics, which states that the total amount of energy in the universe is constant, this leads us to the logical conclusion that the universe is finite and therefore had a beginning.

Frank Turek puts it this way, “In other words, the universe has only a finite amount of energy (much as your car has only a finite amount of gas). Now, if your car has only a finite amount of gas (the First Law), and whenever it’s running it continually consumes gas (the Second Law), would your car be running right now if you had started it up an infinitely long time ago? No, of course not! It would be out of gas by now. In the same way, the universe would be out of energy by now if it had been running from all eternity. But here we are—the lights are still on, so the universe must have begun sometime in the finite past. That is, the universe is not eternal—it had a beginning.”

From Order to Disorder

The second undeniable fact that the Law of Entropy proclaims to us involves the universe going from order to disorder. Indeed, with time, everything falls apart. This begs the question, if the universe is becoming less ordered then where did the original order come from? It becomes quite evident that the universe came into being since we still have some order left in it. Indeed, if the universe were eternal we would have long ago reached complete disorder.

Both of these aspects of entropy discussed here strongly suggest that since our energy and order are winding down, someone had to start the ball rolling. That person would be God.


There are so many other things that could be presented here as evidence for the Cosmological Argument for the existence of God. For example, the observed helium content of the universe, the formation of galaxies, and the fact that they are moving away from us at an increasing speed, the abundance of elements we see around us, etc. Indeed, the evidence is overwhelming. We will stop here for now and continue next time with some objections to the cosmological argument. We will also discuss the Anthropic Principle, the ramifications of the cosmological argument, plus a special section that lists quotes from famous atheists and agnostics that you will find very interesting.



At the end of part one of this character sketch, Joseph had just been given the second place in the kingdom of Egypt behind Pharaoh. In addition, Pharaoh had given him a new name, a wife, and the job of making sure that Egypt survives the famine that is coming.


Joseph prepares for the famine during the days of plenty. He taxes the people but he doesn’t tax the priests and this isn’t the Levitical priesthood we’re talking about. To clarify, Joseph hasn’t become a pagan, but he does function in the culture that God has put him in, just like Jeremiah told Judah to do during their captivity in Babylon.


The famine begins just like Joseph said it would. In Canaan there is a little family that God has His eyes on. Jacob tells his sons to go down to Egypt because he has heard that there is food there. If they don’t find food soon they are all going to die, he tells them. When they come before Joseph they don’t recognize him but he immediately recognizes them. Remember, Joseph looks like an Egyptian. Indeed, he even speaks to them through an interpreter, while understanding every word they say. By this time Joseph has learned to be discreet. He has learned that there is a time to reveal secrets and times to keep them to himself.


When they leave after the second visit to get food Joseph has a cup of divination put in Benjamin’s sack. Then he sends his servants out to fetch his cup and bring all his brothers back. He tells his brothers that the one whose sack the cup is found in shall be his slave. Now, Benjamin was the second son of the woman that Jacob loved, Rachel. He is the son that Jacob definitely did not want to lose. Consequently, when they find the cup in Benjamin’s sack, Judah steps up and says, “Don’t take Benjamin, take me instead because if you take him my father will die.” That’s when Joseph sends all of the Egyptians out of the room. He turns to his brothers weeping and says, “I am Joseph your brother.” Why did Joseph wait till then to reveal himself? It’s when he saw their love for the “Father.” When he saw that they loved him just as much as he did, that’s when he knew that the time was right.


So Joseph was put in a pit, sold into slavery, and placed in prison all as part of God’s plan. His being raised to Supreme power was all part of God’s plan. It also means that Joseph, made to look like an Egyptian, given an Egyptian wife who was the daughter of the high priest of sun worship, and given the task to see that this pagan, idolatrous nation survives was also part of God’s plan. Why? This all happened in order that all Israel would be saved (Rom. 11:26). Joseph didn’t have it all figured out until his brothers came walking through the door.


In the life of Joseph God did not reveal all the circumstances that Joseph would have to go through to get to the fulfillment of the dreams God gave him. God has and keeps secrets for a reason. In Proverbs 25:2 it says, “It is the glory of God to conceal a thing, but the honor of kings is to search out a matter.” The Hebrew is interesting here. The word conceal (Hebrew: satar) means to hide with the intention of provoking someone to look for it. The words search out (chaqar) mean to dig beneath the surface. It’s almost like God is playing hide and seek with us.

But sometimes God will keep something from us until the time is right for us to know. For example, we can see the Messiah clearly in the Old Testament, but the people in Paul’s day and those that preceded the Cross couldn’t see it because if they could have “they would not have crucified the Lord of glory” (1 Cor. 2:8). Now if Jesus is not crucified, He is not buried, if He is not buried, He is not resurrected, and if He is not resurrected, we are still in our sins.

So how important do you think it is for God to conceal things until it is time? If Joseph would have known what he was going to have to go through to get to the realization of his dreams he might have run for his life to get away from it all. Then Israel would have perished and the line of Messiah cut off as a result.


There is one other thing I want us to look at in the life of Joseph that his life represents. Each week at Jewish synagogues all over the world they read what they call a Torah portion. Each Torah portion has a corresponding Haftorah that is kind of like a cross-reference to the original scripture for further study. The Haftorah for the Torah portion concerning Joseph in the book of Genesis is Ezekiel 37:16. The chapter begins with the valley of dry bones representing the whole house of Israel. This passage speaks of Israel becoming a nation again after they were dispersed to all ends of the earth. Amazingly, this prophecy was fulfilled in 1948, almost 2000 years after Israel stopped being a nation.

But beginning in v. 15-22 we see an additional word that God is giving Ezekiel. God tells him to take one stick (tree is a better translation) representing Judah and another stick (tree) representing Joseph and join them together. This of course is talking about Judah and the tribes of the northern kingdom becoming one again.

The Wild Olive Branch

Likewise, there is a passage in the New Testament that is very similar to the one in Ezekiel found in Romans 11:13-26 which speaks of the Gentiles, represented by the wild olive tree, and the Jews, being represented by the natural olive tree. The passage states that partial blindness has come upon the Jews until the fullness of the Gentiles comes in. It also speaks of some of the natural branches being broken off and the wild olive tree branches being grafted in. I believe Paul was drawing on his knowledge of the Old Testament when God inspired him to write this and that Joseph, in a spiritual sense, represents the Church as far as the Church being grafted in.

Don’t get me wrong, I do not believe that the church has replaced Israel in any way. We are, however, children of Abraham by the new birth (Gal. 3:26-29) and just like Joseph we are to be a light to Israel and provoke them to jealousy (Rom. 11:11) causing them to desire the relationship we have with God.


I hope this character sketch of Joseph has been a blessing to you. I also hope that it stirs within you a desire to pray for Israel. Pray that they would recognize that Jesus is their Messiah that they have been waiting for and that He is still reaching out to them.


3 Now Israel loved Joseph more than all his children, because he was the son of his old age. Also he made him a tunic of many colors. 4 But when his brothers saw that their father loved him more than all his brothers, they hated him and could not speak peaceably to him.

5 Now Joseph had a dream, and he told it to his brothers; and they hated him even more. 6 So he said to them, “Please hear this dream which I have dreamed: 7 There we were, binding sheaves in the field. Then behold, my sheaf arose and also stood upright; and indeed your sheaves stood all around and bowed down to my sheaf.” (GEN. 37:3-7)

As we enter this character sketch of Joseph we must take into account one of God’s attributes – His omniscience. In Isaiah 46:10 we read of God, “Declaring the end from the beginning, and from ancient times the things that are not yet done, saying, my Counsel shall stand, and I will do all My pleasure.” God knows how everything is going to play out. He is not nervous about it. He is not sweating it out hoping that His plans come through. We live in a space, time continuum where we only know and see the past and the present. God lives in eternity and not only does He know and see the past , present, and future, He’s in all three places at the same time (I guess that would include His omnipresence also).

God placed all types of clues in the Old Testament to reveal the New Testament when the time had come. St. Augustine accurately said, “The New is in the Old concealed, the Old is in the New revealed.”


Therefore, as we examine the life of Joseph, one would have to be blind not to see the similarities between the events in Joseph’s life and those in the life of Christ. Consider the following:

  • Joseph is born of a womb that has to be opened miraculously. Gen. 30:22-24
  • Jesus is born of a virgin. Luke 1:26-38
  • Joseph’s father favors him above his brothers. Gen. 37:3
  • God the Father said about Jesus, “This is My beloved Son…” Matt. 3:17
  • Joseph’s brothers despise him. Gen. 37:4-5
  • The Jews did not believe in Christ (Jn. 7:5) and they hated Him. Jn. 15:24
  • Joseph’s brothers conspired against Joseph. Gen. 37:23
  • The religious leaders took counsel against Jesus. Matt. 27:1
  • Joseph was sold for silver. Gen. 37:28
  • Jesus was sold for silver. Matt. 26:15
  • Joseph’s own brothers did not recognize him. Gen. 42:8
  • The Jews did not recognize their Messiah. Jn. 1:11
  • Joseph did not sin when tempted. Gen. 39:9
  • Jesus lived his entire life without sin though tempted in all things. Hebr. 4:15
  • Joseph was condemned with two criminals. Gen. 40:2-3
  • Jesus was crucified with two criminals. Luke 23:32
  • Joseph’s brothers bowed their knee to him. Gen. 41:43
  • “At the Name of Jesus every knee will bow.” Phil. 2:10
  • God planned the suffering of Joseph in advance to save many. Gen. 50:21
  • “God so loved the world…” Jn. 3:16 (See also Rev. 13:8)
  • Joseph married a gentile. Gen. 41:45
  • Jesus married the Church, the Bride of Christ, which is largely Gentile. Rom. 11:25; Eph. 5:23-32; Rev. 19:9
  • When Joseph’s family is in tribulation, he and only he chooses the time and place to reveal himself to them. Gen. 45:3
  • “And they shall look upon Me whom they pierced…” Zech. 12:10

There are many more similarities, but that will do for now. Let’s get to the story.


Joseph is the 1st born of the woman that Jacob truly loved. Reuben is the actual 1st born but he profaned his birthright and Jacob gave it to Joseph instead. Jacob gives him a multi-colored coat that sets him apart from his brethren. They know in no uncertain terms that Joseph is their father’s favorite.


Joseph receives dreams from God that speak of his future dominance over his brothers and even his father and mother. In the first of these dreams he sees 11 sheaves bowing to his one sheath. He gets so excited that he goes and tells his brothers that one day he will rule over them which engenders much affection from them towards him. Not! He has another dream where he sees the sun, moon and 11 stars bowing to his star indicating that not only were his brothers going to bow to him, but his mother and father also. You have to understand that Joseph became a very wise man, but his actions here were not too bright.  In Gen. 37:11 it reads that his brothers were jealous of him, but his father didn’t totally dismiss it.


One day, Jacob sends Joseph to his brothers, who were tending the flock, to check on their welfare. Judah sees him coming from a distance and says to his brothers, “Let’s kill him.” Reuben objects and says, “Let’s throw him in this pit instead.” So they strip him of his coat and put him in the pit. About that time a group of Ishmaelites come passing by and they decide to sell Joseph to them for 20 pieces of silver. They dipped Joseph’s coat in some goats blood and took it back to their father convincing him that Joseph was dead. Talk about your dysfunctional family, this was it!


The Ishmaelites end up selling Joseph to the chief executioner in Egypt, Potipher. Potipher eventually puts Joseph in charge of his whole house because of his wisdom. Unfortunately, Potipher’s wife develops the hots for Joseph to the point that Joseph has to make a hasty exit. To make matters worse Potipher’s wife grabs his garment which stays behind with her. Furious that Joseph would not lie with her, she uses the garment that identifies him as a Hebrew, and tells everyone that Joseph tried to make advances towards her. So, of course, Potipher has Joseph thrown in prison. Joseph must be thinking, “twice now what I was wearing has gotten me in trouble.” He’s probably wondering if God really did speak to him through those dreams he had.


Eventually, Joseph’s wisdom and talents impress the prison keeper to such a degree that he put’s Joseph in charge over all the prisoners. One night the Pharaoh’s butler and baker, who Pharaoh threw in jail, each had dreams. Consequently, disturbed by these dreams, they tell Joseph about them. Joseph interprets the dreams for them and tells the baker that he is going to be executed and that the butler will be restored to his position. These things happened just like Joseph said and as the butler is leaving Joseph asks him to speak favorably to Pharaoh on his behalf so he can get out of there. And of course, the butler forgets all about it.


But after 2 years, Pharaoh has a couple of dreams that he can’t figure out. All of a sudden the butler remembers poor Joseph and tells Pharaoh about him. So Pharaoh summons Joseph to appear before him. Notice what Joseph does. He cleaned himself, changed clothes, and then shaved. So what? A Hebrew man would not have shaved. In fact, most commentators believe that Joseph shaved his entire body which is what an Egyptian would do. Some even believe that Joseph painted his eyes after the manner of the Egyptians. He must be thinking, “Twice before the way I looked has gotten me in trouble. I’m not taking any chances.” The prison has made Joseph wiser.

So, Joseph appears before Pharaoh and interprets Pharaoh’s dreams. In Pharaoh’s first dream he dreamed of seven fat and healthy cows rising up from the Nile followed by seven skinny and malnourished cows which eat the seven healthy ones. In Pharaoh’s second dream seven plump and good ears of corn appear followed by seven thin and scorched ears of corn which swallow up the seven good ears of corn. Joseph told Pharaoh that seven very plentiful years would occur followed by seven years of lack so bad that they would make them forget about the seven good years. Joseph also told him that he needed to find someone wise to begin to store up during the plentiful years against the years of lack and famine that were to come. Pharaoh looks at Joseph and says, “Tag, you’re it!


Some very startling changes start taking place in Joseph’s life after this. First of all, Pharaoh gives him a new name, “Zaphenath-paneah” which has multiple meanings. It can mean “the one who reveals secrets,” but more likely it means “One who provides the bread of life” or “Savior of the world.” They actually all fit Joseph in this situation. If this new name isn’t a type and shadow of Christ then I don’t know what is! Then Pharaoh gives Joseph some new clothing, takes the signet ring off his finger and puts it on Joseph’s, and sets a gold chain about his neck. This is basically telling everyone that Joseph has the same authority as Pharaoh does to conduct business in the kingdom. He also gives him a wife; the daughter of the high priest of sun worship in Egypt. Our virtuous, righteous, Hebrew Joseph is married into the most powerful family on the face of the earth that also leads Egypt in idol worship. And his job is to see that this pagan, idolatrous culture survives. And God is the One responsible for putting him there! Amazing!


Joseph has two sons while he’s in Egypt; the first one is Manasseh which means to forget, because he said, “I have forgotten all of my toils and all my father’s house.” He’s putting those dreams he had in the past behind him. His second son is Ephraim which means fruitful, “because God has made me fruitful in the land of my affliction.” He’s putting the past behind him because only when his brothers show back up does he remember the dreams. Our Hebrew Joseph, at the end of the day, looks more like an Egyptian than he does a Hebrew.

{I really intended for this to be all on one post but there is just too much material here for that. Since I don’t won’t to short change you on this sketch, we will continue this in part two.}


Water baptism is the first commandment given to us after salvation. Unfortunately many in the Church do not see the importance of water baptism. Several questions arise when discussing water baptism. First of all, “What does water baptism mean?” Another question would be, “Is water baptism necessary for salvation?”, and if not, “Why do I need water baptism?” Let’s find out.

What Does Water Baptism Mean?

Water baptism symbolizes something that already happens to be true inside of one that is born again. Indeed, at salvation your old man dies, symbolized in baptism by your submersion under the water. Then you become “resurrected” with Christ as a new creation, a new man, symbolized by you being raised out of the water. Paul uses this symbolism in Rom. 6:3, 4 which says, “Or do you not know that all of us who have been baptized into Christ have been baptized into His death? Therefore we have been buried with Him through baptism into death, in order that as Christ was raised from the dead through the glory of the Father, so we too might walk in newness of life” (NASB).

The details of the death of your “old man” unfolds even further in Gal.2:20, “I am crucified with Christ; nevertheless I live, yet not I , but Christ liveth in me; and the life that I now live in the flesh I live by the faith of the Son of God, who loved me, and gave Himself for me.” Paul goes on to tell us in Col. 3:3, “For you have died and your life is hidden with Christ in God.” Consequently, in baptism, one tells the whole world that, “For all the remaining years of my life, I shall be dead to my past and my old carnal ways.”

But, there remains more. Just as you are buried under the water, you also rise again! As you come out of the water, you declare to the whole world, “I will, from this point on, draw on the power of the resurrection life of my Lord Jesus!”

Is Water Baptism Necessary for Salvation?

Most people who believe that water baptism remains necessary for salvation quote Acts 2:38 as evidence. “And Peter said to them, ‘Repent, and let each of you be baptized in the Name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of sins; and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.” There are other Scriptures besides this one but this persists as the main one that people use to justify this teaching. We must remember to filter specific verses like this one through the clear teaching of the Bible. The Bible teaches salvation by grace through faith in the Lord Jesus Christ, “not of works lest any man should boast” (Eph. 2:8,9). If water baptism saves you then faith would have to be put in the ceremony of water baptism which would produce salvation by works. The apostle Paul also wrote in Rom. 10:9, 10, 13, “That if you confess with your mouth the Lord Jesus and believe in your heart that God has raised Him from the dead, you will be saved. For with the heart one believes unto righteousness, and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation. …For whosoever calls upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.” No mention of water baptism appears anywhere in this passage.

So What About Acts 2:38

The solution to what this confusing verse apparently says proves not so difficult. The Greek word eis translated “for” in this passage can also be translated “because of” or “in view of,” and many Greek scholars, such as A. T. Robertson and J. R. Mantey, maintain that it should be. This changes the meaning of the passage dramatically and lines up much better with the rest of Scripture.

Other Considerations

Luke 23:42, 43 says, “Then he said to Jesus, ‘Lord, remember me when You come into Your Kingdom.’ And Jesus said to him, ‘Assuredly, I say to you, today you will be with Me in Paradise.’” This was one of the two criminals crucified on either side of Jesus. One of them had nothing but cursing for Jesus, but the other one became convinced that Jesus entered this world as the Messiah. The thief placed his faith in Jesus right there on the cross next to Him. At no time did any of the guards let Jesus and the thief off their crosses so Jesus could go baptize him real quick before they died. It wasn’t necessary to the thief’s salvation for him to get baptized.

Let’s consider deathbed conversions for a minute. When a person on their deathbed sincerely places their faith in Christ right before they pass away there isn’t time for them to get baptized. By the way, getting sprinkled wouldn’t do any good in this situation because the word for baptism in the Greek (baptizo) means to immerge or submerge.

What about some poor chap that gets saved at a restaurant across the street from the church. He decides he wants to get baptized right then. So they walk across the street to get to the church, but he gets hit by a car and dies on the way and doesn’t make it. I guess that’s too bad for him, he’s going to hell. Baptismal regeneration stands as not only unscriptural it’s not practical either.

So Why Do I Need to be Baptized?

So the short and simple reason why one needs to be baptized? Jesus commanded it. Jesus commanded the apostles in Matt. 28:19 to make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit. When we look back at the original action verb (the word go actually acts as a participle acting as a verb) of this verse, go, we find it in the imperative sense. This makes it a command. In Acts 2:38 the phrase “be baptized” occurs in the imperative mood which, again, makes this a command. The issue here remains not one of salvation, it abides as one of obedience. However, it stands to reason that one who truly receives salvation will want to follow the Lord in Baptism and be obedient to His Word.

Obedience is not the only reason a believer should be baptized. Baptism endures as a wonderful opportunity to tell the whole world about your new relationship with Jesus. Baptism tells everyone that you have been buried with Christ in His death and raised in His resurrection to newness of life. Water baptism declares to everyone that you are different, that you have become a new creation. You’re not the same person that you used to be. It tells everyone to watch your life and see if this is a way of life that they may want to follow. In this regard we see the importance of walking in the Spirit and in the truth of God’s Word so we do not become a stumbling block to someone else.

Closing Thoughts

Jack Hayford tells us that, “Baptism is not a ritual to be performed but rather a dynamic to be experienced.” As most believers’ first act of obedience baptism opens the door to experience all that baptism represents. Our old nature crucified with Christ and our new life raised in resurrection to live out all that God has awaiting us. We also must remember that this is not a once for all time transaction. In 1 Cor. 15:31, Paul says, “I die daily.” We must commit to live the baptized life on a daily basis, always staying above the dead habits of the past and walking in newness of life every day.



“Why is there something rather than nothing?”              Gottfried Wilhelm Leibnez

Today we start a long journey on our way toward proving the existence of God. In addition and most importantly, we will show that the Triune God of the Bible makes known that God. However, these first few posts will deal primarily with showing that a Supreme Being must exist.


We will begin with the cosmological argument for the existence of God focusing especially on the Kalam cosmological argument. The cosmological argument for the existence of God attempts to prove that because anything exists there must be a God who ushered it into existence.

To clarify, the basic design of the cosmological argument states that things exist. Furthermore, it is possible for those things to not exist. Consequently, if something that exists doesn’t have to exist, something caused it to come into being. Something would have to exist in order to bring itself into existence and yes, that sounds very illogical.

In addition, something cannot be brought into existence by an infinite number of causes. Indeed, an infinite recurrence of causes produces no initial cause, which means no cause of existence. Therefore, considering the universe exists, it must have a cause. In other words, an uncaused cause of all things must exist. This Uncaused Cause must be God.


Based on logic, the Kalam argument posits that the universe is not eternal. Therefore, it must have had a Cause outside the universe, that being God.

But how do we know that the universe is not eternal and therefore, infinite? First of all, the Big Bang Theory very strongly supports that the universe is finite. But, more importantly, philosophical logic upholds this position. Peter Kreft states in his Handbook of Christian Apologetics the following:

“Can an infinite task ever be done or completed? If, in order to reach a certain end, infinitely many steps had to precede it, could the end ever be reached? Of course not—not even in an infinite time. For an infinite time would be unending, just as the steps would be. In other words, no end would ever be reached. The task would—could—never be completed.

But what about the step just before the end? Could that point ever be reached? Well, if the task is really infinite, then an infinity of steps must also have preceded it. And therefore the step just before the end could also never be reached. But then neither could the step just before that one. In fact, no step in the sequence could be reached, because an infinity of steps must always have preceded any step; must always have been gone through one by one before it. The problem comes from supposing that an infinite sequence could ever reach, by temporal succession, any point at all.”


To understand Kreft’s argument one must understand potential and actual infinities. Both exist in math but only one exists in reality.

Potential Infinities

Potential infinities subsist of sets of numbers that continually increase by adding another number to the series. For example, a geometric line with a starting point could extend on, potentially, without end. Also, a list of numbers with a starting point can always have more number added to it. Nevertheless, a potential infinity can never actually be infinite. It remains a finite set of numbers to which another number can be added.

Actual Infinities

Sets of numbers to which no increment can be added due to their infiniteness represent actual infinities. These sets include all numbers so there is nothing to add. My mind hurts just trying to imagine this. Indeed, actual infinities do not and cannot exist in the physical world. To illustrate the absurdity of actual infinities let me first say that if the universe existed infinitely we would never have reached this point where I would be writing to you describing how the universe cannot be infinite. William Lane Craig describes this much better than me in this long quote on “Hilbert’s Hotel.”

“Let me use one of my favorites, Hilbert’s Hotel, a product of the mind of the great German mathematician, David Hilbert. Let us imagine a hotel with a finite number of rooms. Suppose, furthermore, that all the rooms are full. When a new guest arrives asking for a room, the proprietor apologizes, “Sorry, all the rooms are full.” But now let us imagine a hotel with an infinite number of rooms and suppose once more that all the rooms are full. There is not a single vacant room throughout the entire infinite hotel. Now suppose a new guest shows up, asking for a room. “But of course!” says the proprietor, and he immediately shifts the person in room #1 into room #2, the person in room #2 into room #3, the person in room #3 into room #4 and so on, out to infinity. As a result of these room changes, room #1 now becomes vacant and the new guest gratefully checks in. But remember, before he arrived, all the rooms were full! Equally curious, according to the mathematicians, there are now no more persons in the hotel than there were before: the number is just infinite. But how can this be? The proprietor just added the new guest’s name to the register and gave him his keys-how can there not be one more person in the hotel than before? But the situation becomes even stranger. For suppose an infinity of new guests show up to the desk, asking for a room. “Of course, of course!” says the proprietor, and he proceeds to shift the person in room #1 into room #2, the person in room #2 into room #4, the person in room #3 into room #6, and so on out to infinity, always putting each former occupant into the room number twice his own. As a result, all the odd numbered rooms become vacant, and the infinity of new guests is easily accommodated. And yet, before they came, all the rooms were full! And again, strangely enough, the number of guests in the hotel is the same after the infinity of new guests check in as before, even though there were as many new guests as old guests. In fact, the proprietor could repeat this process infinitely many times and yet there would never be one single person more in the hotel than before.

But Hilbert’s Hotel is even stranger than the German mathematician gave it out to be. For suppose some of the guests start to check out. Suppose the guest in room #1 departs. Is there not now one less person in the hotel? Not according to the mathematicians-but just ask the woman who makes the beds! Suppose the guests in room numbers 1, 3, 5, . . . check out. In this case an infinite number of people have left the hotel, but according to the mathematicians there are no less people in the hotel-but don’t talk to that laundry woman! In fact, we could have every other guest check out of the hotel and repeat this process infinitely many times, and yet there would never be any less people in the hotel. But suppose instead the persons in room number 4, 5, 6, . . . checked out. At a single stroke the hotel would be virtually emptied, the guest register reduced to three names, and the infinite converted to finitude. And yet it would remain true that the same number of guests checked out this time as when the guests in room numbers 1, 3, 5, . . . checked out. Can anyone sincerely believe that such a hotel could exist in reality? These sorts of absurdities illustrate the impossibility of the existence of an actually infinite number of things.”

One More Example

Now let’s apply this craziness to one simple law, the 2nd law of thermodynamics otherwise known as the law of entropy. According to the law of entropy, the amount of usable energy in the universe is running out and will eventually exhaust itself. If the universe existed as an actual infinity the amount of usable energy could run out but there would still be the same amount of usable energy as existed throughout all eternity. Doesn’t make a whole lot of sense does it? By the way, the law of entropy is probably the best evidence that the universe is not eternal and infinite.


I hope you can at least begin to see how the universe cannot be infinite and therefore must have a First Cause. The implications of this are staggering.

I can tell that this first post in this series on apologetics must encompass more than one post. So, in part two of this post we will discuss time and causality, the Uncaused Cause, the Leibnizian argument, and scientific arguments. I hope you like what you have read and if you do please be sure to hit the Facebook like button at the bottom of this page.

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