FIGHT THE GOOD FIGHT OF FAITH – A SOAP JOURNAL

SCRIPTURE – FIGHT THE GOOD FIGHT OF FAITH

“But you, O man of God, Flee these things; and follow after righteousness, godliness, faith, love, patience, meekness. Fight the good fight of faith, lay hold on eternal life, whereunto you are also called, and have professed a good profession before many witnesses.”     1 Tim. 11,12

OBSERVATION

In this soap journal we will contrast King Solomon and King Joash’s failures with the godly lives of Paul and Timothy. Moreover, we will show how Timothy took to heart the command of Paul to fight the good fight of faith as opposed to King Solomon and King Joash’s waning faith at the end of their lives.

Solomon

Solomon started out so well. When God appeared to him and asked Solomon what he would like from God, Solomon asked for the exact thing that he needed the most: wisdom! He became the wisest man that ever lived besides Jesus. Kings and queens from all over the known world came to visit Solomon to verify for themselves how wisely Solomon ruled his kingdom.

Unfortunately, Solomon let his passions get the best of him and ended up following the gods of his wives. He only had 700 wives and 300 concubines (mistresses). Most of his marriages stemmed from peace treaties with foreign countries. Indeed, his marriage to these women sealed the deal. Solomon may have thought he could lead these women to the God of Israel. However, they ended up drawing him away from the One true God and into the worship of idols.

Joash

Joash also started out well. After his wicked grandmother, Queen Athaliah met her demise at the order of the priest Jehoiada, Joash assumed the throne. The temple of Baal was torn down and Joash repaired the temple of Yahweh (2 Kings 12:4-16). In addition, Joash persuaded King Hazael of Syria to not attack Jerusalem (2 Kings 12:17-18).

But then Joash’s trusted mentor, the priest Jehoiada, died. Joash began to listen to wicked advisors. Moreover, he revived the worship of Baal and Asherah in Judah. He even had Jehoiada’s son, the prophet Zechariah, stoned to death when he tried to warn Joash of his wicked ways. Joash was later assassinated by his servants who conspired against him (2 Chron. 24:17-25; 2 Kings 12:20).

Paul and Timothy

Paul, in his first letter to Timothy, instructs him to “Fight the good fight of faith.” Paul fought this fight of faith and finished a winner. Moreover, the Scriptures tell us that Paul had “finished the race and kept the faith.” A “crown of righteousness” awaited Paul’s arrival in heaven (2 Tim. 4:7-8). I have no doubt that he received the greeting every Christian longs to hear, “Well done, good and faithful servant….Enter into the joy of your Lord” (Matt. 25:23).

Paul instructed Timothy to flee the lust and evil of the world and follow after “righteousness, godliness, faith, love, steadfastness and gentleness” (1 Tim. 6:11-12). He instructed Timothy to “preach the Word; be instant in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all longsuffering and doctrine” (2 Tim. 4:2). Timothy did not try to finish his course by hanging on to the coattails of Paul. On the contrary, according to church tradition, he continued on as the overseer at Ephesus after Paul’s death and eventually suffered martyrdom under the Emperor Domition.

They Finished Well

These two heroic saints of God suffered incredible hardship in their walks with God and yet they finished well. They did not allow the distractions of the world to derail them before they could finish.

APPLICATION

Hebrews 3:14 tells us, “For we are made partakers of Christ, if we hold the beginning of our confidence steadfast unto the end.” Listen, it matters much more how we finish than how we begin. Don’t blow it all on the enticements of this world. Look for that “city which hath foundations, whose builder and maker is God” like Abraham did (Heb. 11:10). Finish Well! A great cloud of witnesses cheers you on every step of your journey (Heb. 12:1). Finish the race! Fight the good fight of faith all the way to the end!

PRAYER

Father God, help us to be diligent in our walk with You. Open our eyes to things in our lives that could bring us down. Give us the strength to fight the “good fight of faith” remaining steadfast to the end. Help us Father to keep our eyes upon Jesus when the enemy sends distractions our way. Guide us O’ God through this course of life that we may be able to hear you say, “Well done, thou good and faithful servant, enter into the joy of your Lord,” In Jesus Name, Amen.  

COSMOLOGICAL ARGUMENT FOR THE EXISTENCE OF GOD – PART 2

In part one of the Cosmological Argument for the Existence of God we began to argue for the existence of God by presenting the Kalam Cosmological Argument. We will now continue with that train of thought by considering the Kalam argument’s impact on time and causality then we will discuss contingent and necessary beings. In addition, we will discuss scientific proofs for the Cosmological Argument.

TIME AND CAUSALITY

In our last post we spoke of the absurdity of actual infinities and how their non-existence proves the universe is finite. The non-existence of actual infinities can be further demonstrated by applying two factors; time and causality.

Time

The fact that “Now” exists proves that time cannot be infinite. A great example of this can be found in Holman’s Quicksource Guide to Christian Apologetics which says, “…Picture the moment “now” as a destination, like a train station. Then picture time as train tracks that are actually infinitely long. If you were a passenger waiting on the train to arrive, how long would you have to wait? The answer is: forever. You can never reach the end of infinity; thus, infinitely long train tracks cannot ever be crossed. There is no end to arrive at, no station.” In other words, an infinite number of past moments prior to the here and now could not have happened. Therefore, at some point time began to exist.

Causality

However, time did not just suddenly appear all by itself out of nowhere. The fact that time had a beginning means that something started the clock ticking. An effect without a cause does not exist. You might be thinking, “Well, if that is the case then God must have a cause.” However, because causes exist now, there must exist a beginning to the sequence. There must exist a cause that does not exist as an effect; an uncaused cause, or initial cause. This uncaused cause would be God.

THE UNCAUSED CAUSE

The Kalam argument declares to us that the universe began to exist and must have been caused by an uncaused cause. Consequently, there can only be two possible choices of what this uncaused cause must be; personal or impersonal. Doug Powell answers this question with a question, “What kind of thing relies on nothing for its existence, has the power to create something from nothing, has a will to do it or not do it, and has the characteristic of existing outside of the creation? Does this sound like a personal or impersonal being? Personal, of course! Thus, the Kalam argument brings us to the conclusion that the universe had a beginning that was caused by a personal, transcendent being.”

CONTINGENT AND NECESSARY BEINGS

Before we move on we need to discuss something the Kalam argument fails to address. While the Kalam argument deals with the initial cause of the universe, it neglects to address the sustaining factors of the universe. For this discussion we must address two terms: contingent existence and necessary existence.

Contingent Existence

Contingent existence can either be or not be; the possibility exists for it not to exist. For example, you are contingent on your parents for existence, and they are contingent upon their parents before them, and so on and so on. Nevertheless, there remains the possibility for that contingent thing to not exist.

Necessary Existence

On the other hand, a necessary being must exist for it is not possible for that being not to exist. Furthermore, to exist necessarily is to exist without contingencies or dependencies. This being would necessarily be the Kalam argument’s First Cause which by definition would be God.

Doug Powell sums it up quite well, “Nothing we see in the universe has to exist. Everything we see could just as well not have existed. This makes everything that exists simply possible, not necessary. But something does exist. ‘Therefore,’ says Aquinas, ‘not all beings are merely possible, but there must exist something the existence of which is necessary.’ Thus we know that a necessary being must exist in order to account for the possible beings that do exist; it makes the possible beings possible. A BEING THAT IS NECESSARY FOR THE EXISTENCE OF ALL THINGS IS CALLED GOD.”

SCIENTIFIC ARGUMENTS

Let’s switch gears now and discuss some scientific evidence for the cosmological argument. Under this heading, we examine two areas that give credence to the cosmological argument for the existence of God: the Big Bang Theory and the Law of Entropy.

THE BIG BANG

Definition

According to Norman Geisler’s The Big Book of Christian Apologetics, “Big bang cosmology is a widely accepted theory regarding the origin of the universe according to which the material universe or cosmos exploded into being some 13-15 billion years ago. Since then the universe has been expanding and developing according to conditions set at the moment of its origin.”

When one thinks of the term “Big Bang” one might imagine all sorts of images in their mind. Indeed, one might picture the sudden explosiveness of a massive thermonuclear bomb detonating and destroying everything in its shock-wave path for miles and miles. Moreover, one might imagine the total disorder and chaos of an industrial plant that produces fertilizers or plastics suddenly exploding for no apparent reason and the resulting blast zone with debris scattered everywhere in no pre-arranged pattern whatsoever. Such a bang would yield total destruction and disorder.

In contrast, the Big Bang that represents the beginning of our universe unfolded in a totally different way. Astronomer Hugh Ross explains it this way, “In truth, this ‘bang’ represents an immensely powerful yet carefully planned and controlled release of matter, energy, space, and time within the strict confines of carefully fine-tuned physical constants and laws that govern their behavior and interactions. The power and care this explosion reveals exceeds human potential for design by multiple orders of magnitude.

THE EVIDENCE

You might be thinking, “That all sounds very impressive but what kind of evidence exists for this theory?” Believe it or not the evidence is very compelling. Without listing all the scientific equations let’s look at the evidence.

Einstein

Way back in 1916, Albert Einstein gave us the first direct scientific evidence for a big bang universe; The General Theory of Relativity. Einstein’s equations showed that the universe was not static but was either contracting or expanding. The velocities of the galaxies prove that it is expanding. In fact, when Einstein discerned that his field equations of general relativity predicted an expanding universe he was unable to accept the ramifications of a cosmic beginning. Consequently, he doctored his theory to conform with the prevailing thinking of his day; an eternally existing universe. Einstein later stated that adding this “Cosmological constant” to his theory was the biggest blunder of his career.

Cosmic Background Radiation

At the very beginning of the universe, the universe existed as an almost infinitely hot singularity (that sprang into being out of nothing, i.e., ex nihilo creation). As the universe exploded and expanded, this heat left behind a “glow” that fills the entire universe. This leftover glow was predicted by the Big Bang theory which also predicted it would exist as microwave radiation. The cosmic background radiation has been accurately measured by the COBE (Cosmic Background Explorer) satellite as well as other satellites.

Cosmic Background Radiation Fluctuations

In addition to predicting an expanding universe with a leftover cosmic background radiation (afterglow), the Big Bang also predicted that there would be slight variations or ripples in the temperature of the cosmic background radiation.

Consequently, in 1992 the COBE research satellite not only detected these ripples, but scientists were amazed at their precision. The ripples indicate that the explosion and expansion of the universe was precisely fine-tuned to cause just enough matter to congregate to allow galaxy formation, but not enough to cause the universe to collapse back on itself. The slightest variation in either direction would cause us to not be here to talk about it.

Such was the amazement of the researchers that the project leader, astronomer George Smoot (atheist) proclaimed, “If you’re religious, it’s like looking at God.”

THE LAW OF ENTROPY

Also known as the Second Law of Thermodynamics, the Law of Entropy states two undeniable facts. First of all it states that the universe is running out of usable energy. This leads scientists to the obvious conclusion that one day the universe will die having exhausted all of it’s usable energy. When we couple the Law of Entropy with the First Law of Thermodynamics, which states that the total amount of energy in the universe is constant, this leads us to the logical conclusion that the universe is finite and therefore had a beginning.

Frank Turek puts it this way, “In other words, the universe has only a finite amount of energy (much as your car has only a finite amount of gas). Now, if your car has only a finite amount of gas (the First Law), and whenever it’s running it continually consumes gas (the Second Law), would your car be running right now if you had started it up an infinitely long time ago? No, of course not! It would be out of gas by now. In the same way, the universe would be out of energy by now if it had been running from all eternity. But here we are—the lights are still on, so the universe must have begun sometime in the finite past. That is, the universe is not eternal—it had a beginning.”

From Order to Disorder

The second undeniable fact that the Law of Entropy proclaims to us involves the universe going from order to disorder. Indeed, with time, everything falls apart. This begs the question, if the universe is becoming less ordered then where did the original order come from? It becomes quite evident that the universe came into being since we still have some order left in it. Indeed, if the universe were eternal we would have long ago reached complete disorder.

Both of these aspects of entropy discussed here strongly suggest that since our energy and order are winding down, someone had to start the ball rolling. That person would be God.

CONCLUSION

There are so many other things that could be presented here as evidence for the Cosmological Argument for the existence of God. For example, the observed helium content of the universe, the formation of galaxies, and the fact that they are moving away from us at an increasing speed, the abundance of elements we see around us, etc. Indeed, the evidence is overwhelming. We will stop here for now and continue next time with some objections to the cosmological argument. We will also discuss the Anthropic Principle, the ramifications of the cosmological argument, plus a special section that lists quotes from famous atheists and agnostics that you will find very interesting.

CHARACTER SKETCH OF JOSEPH – PART TWO

INTRO

At the end of part one of this character sketch, Joseph had just been given the second place in the kingdom of Egypt behind Pharaoh. In addition, Pharaoh had given him a new name, a wife, and the job of making sure that Egypt survives the famine that is coming.

PREPARATION

Joseph prepares for the famine during the days of plenty. He taxes the people but he doesn’t tax the priests and this isn’t the Levitical priesthood we’re talking about. To clarify, Joseph hasn’t become a pagan, but he does function in the culture that God has put him in, just like Jeremiah told Judah to do during their captivity in Babylon.

THE FAMINE BEGINS

The famine begins just like Joseph said it would. In Canaan there is a little family that God has His eyes on. Jacob tells his sons to go down to Egypt because he has heard that there is food there. If they don’t find food soon they are all going to die, he tells them. When they come before Joseph they don’t recognize him but he immediately recognizes them. Remember, Joseph looks like an Egyptian. Indeed, he even speaks to them through an interpreter, while understanding every word they say. By this time Joseph has learned to be discreet. He has learned that there is a time to reveal secrets and times to keep them to himself.

THE TEST

When they leave after the second visit to get food Joseph has a cup of divination put in Benjamin’s sack. Then he sends his servants out to fetch his cup and bring all his brothers back. He tells his brothers that the one whose sack the cup is found in shall be his slave. Now, Benjamin was the second son of the woman that Jacob loved, Rachel. He is the son that Jacob definitely did not want to lose. Consequently, when they find the cup in Benjamin’s sack, Judah steps up and says, “Don’t take Benjamin, take me instead because if you take him my father will die.” That’s when Joseph sends all of the Egyptians out of the room. He turns to his brothers weeping and says, “I am Joseph your brother.” Why did Joseph wait till then to reveal himself? It’s when he saw their love for the “Father.” When he saw that they loved him just as much as he did, that’s when he knew that the time was right.

GOD’S PLAN

So Joseph was put in a pit, sold into slavery, and placed in prison all as part of God’s plan. His being raised to Supreme power was all part of God’s plan. It also means that Joseph, made to look like an Egyptian, given an Egyptian wife who was the daughter of the high priest of sun worship, and given the task to see that this pagan, idolatrous nation survives was also part of God’s plan. Why? This all happened in order that all Israel would be saved (Rom. 11:26). Joseph didn’t have it all figured out until his brothers came walking through the door.

GOD HAS SECRETS

In the life of Joseph God did not reveal all the circumstances that Joseph would have to go through to get to the fulfillment of the dreams God gave him. God has and keeps secrets for a reason. In Proverbs 25:2 it says, “It is the glory of God to conceal a thing, but the honor of kings is to search out a matter.” The Hebrew is interesting here. The word conceal (Hebrew: satar) means to hide with the intention of provoking someone to look for it. The words search out (chaqar) mean to dig beneath the surface. It’s almost like God is playing hide and seek with us.

But sometimes God will keep something from us until the time is right for us to know. For example, we can see the Messiah clearly in the Old Testament, but the people in Paul’s day and those that preceded the Cross couldn’t see it because if they could have “they would not have crucified the Lord of glory” (1 Cor. 2:8). Now if Jesus is not crucified, He is not buried, if He is not buried, He is not resurrected, and if He is not resurrected, we are still in our sins.

So how important do you think it is for God to conceal things until it is time? If Joseph would have known what he was going to have to go through to get to the realization of his dreams he might have run for his life to get away from it all. Then Israel would have perished and the line of Messiah cut off as a result.

TWO STICKS (TREES)

There is one other thing I want us to look at in the life of Joseph that his life represents. Each week at Jewish synagogues all over the world they read what they call a Torah portion. Each Torah portion has a corresponding Haftorah that is kind of like a cross-reference to the original scripture for further study. The Haftorah for the Torah portion concerning Joseph in the book of Genesis is Ezekiel 37:16. The chapter begins with the valley of dry bones representing the whole house of Israel. This passage speaks of Israel becoming a nation again after they were dispersed to all ends of the earth. Amazingly, this prophecy was fulfilled in 1948, almost 2000 years after Israel stopped being a nation.

But beginning in v. 15-22 we see an additional word that God is giving Ezekiel. God tells him to take one stick (tree is a better translation) representing Judah and another stick (tree) representing Joseph and join them together. This of course is talking about Judah and the tribes of the northern kingdom becoming one again.

The Wild Olive Branch

Likewise, there is a passage in the New Testament that is very similar to the one in Ezekiel found in Romans 11:13-26 which speaks of the Gentiles, represented by the wild olive tree, and the Jews, being represented by the natural olive tree. The passage states that partial blindness has come upon the Jews until the fullness of the Gentiles comes in. It also speaks of some of the natural branches being broken off and the wild olive tree branches being grafted in. I believe Paul was drawing on his knowledge of the Old Testament when God inspired him to write this and that Joseph, in a spiritual sense, represents the Church as far as the Church being grafted in.

Don’t get me wrong, I do not believe that the church has replaced Israel in any way. We are, however, children of Abraham by the new birth (Gal. 3:26-29) and just like Joseph we are to be a light to Israel and provoke them to jealousy (Rom. 11:11) causing them to desire the relationship we have with God.

CONCLUSION

I hope this character sketch of Joseph has been a blessing to you. I also hope that it stirs within you a desire to pray for Israel. Pray that they would recognize that Jesus is their Messiah that they have been waiting for and that He is still reaching out to them.

CHARACTER SKETCH OF JOSEPH – PART ONE

3 Now Israel loved Joseph more than all his children, because he was the son of his old age. Also he made him a tunic of many colors. 4 But when his brothers saw that their father loved him more than all his brothers, they hated him and could not speak peaceably to him.

5 Now Joseph had a dream, and he told it to his brothers; and they hated him even more. 6 So he said to them, “Please hear this dream which I have dreamed: 7 There we were, binding sheaves in the field. Then behold, my sheaf arose and also stood upright; and indeed your sheaves stood all around and bowed down to my sheaf.” (GEN. 37:3-7)

As we enter this character sketch of Joseph we must take into account one of God’s attributes – His omniscience. In Isaiah 46:10 we read of God, “Declaring the end from the beginning, and from ancient times the things that are not yet done, saying, my Counsel shall stand, and I will do all My pleasure.” God knows how everything is going to play out. He is not nervous about it. He is not sweating it out hoping that His plans come through. We live in a space, time continuum where we only know and see the past and the present. God lives in eternity and not only does He know and see the past , present, and future, He’s in all three places at the same time (I guess that would include His omnipresence also).

God placed all types of clues in the Old Testament to reveal the New Testament when the time had come. St. Augustine accurately said, “The New is in the Old concealed, the Old is in the New revealed.”

JOSEPH, A TYPE AND SHADOW OF CHRIST

Therefore, as we examine the life of Joseph, one would have to be blind not to see the similarities between the events in Joseph’s life and those in the life of Christ. Consider the following:

  • Joseph is born of a womb that has to be opened miraculously. Gen. 30:22-24
  • Jesus is born of a virgin. Luke 1:26-38
  • Joseph’s father favors him above his brothers. Gen. 37:3
  • God the Father said about Jesus, “This is My beloved Son…” Matt. 3:17
  • Joseph’s brothers despise him. Gen. 37:4-5
  • The Jews did not believe in Christ (Jn. 7:5) and they hated Him. Jn. 15:24
  • Joseph’s brothers conspired against Joseph. Gen. 37:23
  • The religious leaders took counsel against Jesus. Matt. 27:1
  • Joseph was sold for silver. Gen. 37:28
  • Jesus was sold for silver. Matt. 26:15
  • Joseph’s own brothers did not recognize him. Gen. 42:8
  • The Jews did not recognize their Messiah. Jn. 1:11
  • Joseph did not sin when tempted. Gen. 39:9
  • Jesus lived his entire life without sin though tempted in all things. Hebr. 4:15
  • Joseph was condemned with two criminals. Gen. 40:2-3
  • Jesus was crucified with two criminals. Luke 23:32
  • Joseph’s brothers bowed their knee to him. Gen. 41:43
  • “At the Name of Jesus every knee will bow.” Phil. 2:10
  • God planned the suffering of Joseph in advance to save many. Gen. 50:21
  • “God so loved the world…” Jn. 3:16 (See also Rev. 13:8)
  • Joseph married a gentile. Gen. 41:45
  • Jesus married the Church, the Bride of Christ, which is largely Gentile. Rom. 11:25; Eph. 5:23-32; Rev. 19:9
  • When Joseph’s family is in tribulation, he and only he chooses the time and place to reveal himself to them. Gen. 45:3
  • “And they shall look upon Me whom they pierced…” Zech. 12:10

There are many more similarities, but that will do for now. Let’s get to the story.

JACOB’S FAVORITE

Joseph is the 1st born of the woman that Jacob truly loved. Reuben is the actual 1st born but he profaned his birthright and Jacob gave it to Joseph instead. Jacob gives him a multi-colored coat that sets him apart from his brethren. They know in no uncertain terms that Joseph is their father’s favorite.

JOSEPH’S DREAMS LEAD TO TROUBLE

Joseph receives dreams from God that speak of his future dominance over his brothers and even his father and mother. In the first of these dreams he sees 11 sheaves bowing to his one sheath. He gets so excited that he goes and tells his brothers that one day he will rule over them which engenders much affection from them towards him. Not! He has another dream where he sees the sun, moon and 11 stars bowing to his star indicating that not only were his brothers going to bow to him, but his mother and father also. You have to understand that Joseph became a very wise man, but his actions here were not too bright.  In Gen. 37:11 it reads that his brothers were jealous of him, but his father didn’t totally dismiss it.

JOSEPH’S BROTHERS PLOT TO GET RID OF HIM

One day, Jacob sends Joseph to his brothers, who were tending the flock, to check on their welfare. Judah sees him coming from a distance and says to his brothers, “Let’s kill him.” Reuben objects and says, “Let’s throw him in this pit instead.” So they strip him of his coat and put him in the pit. About that time a group of Ishmaelites come passing by and they decide to sell Joseph to them for 20 pieces of silver. They dipped Joseph’s coat in some goats blood and took it back to their father convincing him that Joseph was dead. Talk about your dysfunctional family, this was it!

FROM BAD TO WORSE

The Ishmaelites end up selling Joseph to the chief executioner in Egypt, Potipher. Potipher eventually puts Joseph in charge of his whole house because of his wisdom. Unfortunately, Potipher’s wife develops the hots for Joseph to the point that Joseph has to make a hasty exit. To make matters worse Potipher’s wife grabs his garment which stays behind with her. Furious that Joseph would not lie with her, she uses the garment that identifies him as a Hebrew, and tells everyone that Joseph tried to make advances towards her. So, of course, Potipher has Joseph thrown in prison. Joseph must be thinking, “twice now what I was wearing has gotten me in trouble.” He’s probably wondering if God really did speak to him through those dreams he had.

JOSEPH INTERPRETS DREAMS OF OTHERS

Eventually, Joseph’s wisdom and talents impress the prison keeper to such a degree that he put’s Joseph in charge over all the prisoners. One night the Pharaoh’s butler and baker, who Pharaoh threw in jail, each had dreams. Consequently, disturbed by these dreams, they tell Joseph about them. Joseph interprets the dreams for them and tells the baker that he is going to be executed and that the butler will be restored to his position. These things happened just like Joseph said and as the butler is leaving Joseph asks him to speak favorably to Pharaoh on his behalf so he can get out of there. And of course, the butler forgets all about it.

PHARAOH DREAMS

But after 2 years, Pharaoh has a couple of dreams that he can’t figure out. All of a sudden the butler remembers poor Joseph and tells Pharaoh about him. So Pharaoh summons Joseph to appear before him. Notice what Joseph does. He cleaned himself, changed clothes, and then shaved. So what? A Hebrew man would not have shaved. In fact, most commentators believe that Joseph shaved his entire body which is what an Egyptian would do. Some even believe that Joseph painted his eyes after the manner of the Egyptians. He must be thinking, “Twice before the way I looked has gotten me in trouble. I’m not taking any chances.” The prison has made Joseph wiser.

So, Joseph appears before Pharaoh and interprets Pharaoh’s dreams. In Pharaoh’s first dream he dreamed of seven fat and healthy cows rising up from the Nile followed by seven skinny and malnourished cows which eat the seven healthy ones. In Pharaoh’s second dream seven plump and good ears of corn appear followed by seven thin and scorched ears of corn which swallow up the seven good ears of corn. Joseph told Pharaoh that seven very plentiful years would occur followed by seven years of lack so bad that they would make them forget about the seven good years. Joseph also told him that he needed to find someone wise to begin to store up during the plentiful years against the years of lack and famine that were to come. Pharaoh looks at Joseph and says, “Tag, you’re it!

JOSEPH BEGINS TO PROSPER, FINALLY!

Some very startling changes start taking place in Joseph’s life after this. First of all, Pharaoh gives him a new name, “Zaphenath-paneah” which has multiple meanings. It can mean “the one who reveals secrets,” but more likely it means “One who provides the bread of life” or “Savior of the world.” They actually all fit Joseph in this situation. If this new name isn’t a type and shadow of Christ then I don’t know what is! Then Pharaoh gives Joseph some new clothing, takes the signet ring off his finger and puts it on Joseph’s, and sets a gold chain about his neck. This is basically telling everyone that Joseph has the same authority as Pharaoh does to conduct business in the kingdom. He also gives him a wife; the daughter of the high priest of sun worship in Egypt. Our virtuous, righteous, Hebrew Joseph is married into the most powerful family on the face of the earth that also leads Egypt in idol worship. And his job is to see that this pagan, idolatrous culture survives. And God is the One responsible for putting him there! Amazing!

JOSEPH FATHER’S CHILDREN

Joseph has two sons while he’s in Egypt; the first one is Manasseh which means to forget, because he said, “I have forgotten all of my toils and all my father’s house.” He’s putting those dreams he had in the past behind him. His second son is Ephraim which means fruitful, “because God has made me fruitful in the land of my affliction.” He’s putting the past behind him because only when his brothers show back up does he remember the dreams. Our Hebrew Joseph, at the end of the day, looks more like an Egyptian than he does a Hebrew.

{I really intended for this to be all on one post but there is just too much material here for that. Since I don’t won’t to short change you on this sketch, we will continue this in part two.}

WATER BAPTISM – LIVING THE BAPTIZED LIFE

Water baptism is the first commandment given to us after salvation. Unfortunately many in the Church do not see the importance of water baptism. Several questions arise when discussing water baptism. First of all, “What does water baptism mean?” Another question would be, “Is water baptism necessary for salvation?”, and if not, “Why do I need water baptism?” Let’s find out.

What Does Water Baptism Mean?

Water baptism symbolizes something that already happens to be true inside of one that is born again. Indeed, at salvation your old man dies, symbolized in baptism by your submersion under the water. Then you become “resurrected” with Christ as a new creation, a new man, symbolized by you being raised out of the water. Paul uses this symbolism in Rom. 6:3, 4 which says, “Or do you not know that all of us who have been baptized into Christ have been baptized into His death? Therefore we have been buried with Him through baptism into death, in order that as Christ was raised from the dead through the glory of the Father, so we too might walk in newness of life” (NASB).

The details of the death of your “old man” unfolds even further in Gal.2:20, “I am crucified with Christ; nevertheless I live, yet not I , but Christ liveth in me; and the life that I now live in the flesh I live by the faith of the Son of God, who loved me, and gave Himself for me.” Paul goes on to tell us in Col. 3:3, “For you have died and your life is hidden with Christ in God.” Consequently, in baptism, one tells the whole world that, “For all the remaining years of my life, I shall be dead to my past and my old carnal ways.”

But, there remains more. Just as you are buried under the water, you also rise again! As you come out of the water, you declare to the whole world, “I will, from this point on, draw on the power of the resurrection life of my Lord Jesus!”

Is Water Baptism Necessary for Salvation?

Most people who believe that water baptism remains necessary for salvation quote Acts 2:38 as evidence. “And Peter said to them, ‘Repent, and let each of you be baptized in the Name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of sins; and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.” There are other Scriptures besides this one but this persists as the main one that people use to justify this teaching. We must remember to filter specific verses like this one through the clear teaching of the Bible. The Bible teaches salvation by grace through faith in the Lord Jesus Christ, “not of works lest any man should boast” (Eph. 2:8,9). If water baptism saves you then faith would have to be put in the ceremony of water baptism which would produce salvation by works. The apostle Paul also wrote in Rom. 10:9, 10, 13, “That if you confess with your mouth the Lord Jesus and believe in your heart that God has raised Him from the dead, you will be saved. For with the heart one believes unto righteousness, and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation. …For whosoever calls upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.” No mention of water baptism appears anywhere in this passage.

So What About Acts 2:38

The solution to what this confusing verse apparently says proves not so difficult. The Greek word eis translated “for” in this passage can also be translated “because of” or “in view of,” and many Greek scholars, such as A. T. Robertson and J. R. Mantey, maintain that it should be. This changes the meaning of the passage dramatically and lines up much better with the rest of Scripture.

Other Considerations

Luke 23:42, 43 says, “Then he said to Jesus, ‘Lord, remember me when You come into Your Kingdom.’ And Jesus said to him, ‘Assuredly, I say to you, today you will be with Me in Paradise.’” This was one of the two criminals crucified on either side of Jesus. One of them had nothing but cursing for Jesus, but the other one became convinced that Jesus entered this world as the Messiah. The thief placed his faith in Jesus right there on the cross next to Him. At no time did any of the guards let Jesus and the thief off their crosses so Jesus could go baptize him real quick before they died. It wasn’t necessary to the thief’s salvation for him to get baptized.

Let’s consider deathbed conversions for a minute. When a person on their deathbed sincerely places their faith in Christ right before they pass away there isn’t time for them to get baptized. By the way, getting sprinkled wouldn’t do any good in this situation because the word for baptism in the Greek (baptizo) means to immerge or submerge.

What about some poor chap that gets saved at a restaurant across the street from the church. He decides he wants to get baptized right then. So they walk across the street to get to the church, but he gets hit by a car and dies on the way and doesn’t make it. I guess that’s too bad for him, he’s going to hell. Baptismal regeneration stands as not only unscriptural it’s not practical either.

So Why Do I Need to be Baptized?

So the short and simple reason why one needs to be baptized? Jesus commanded it. Jesus commanded the apostles in Matt. 28:19 to make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit. When we look back at the original action verb (the word go actually acts as a participle acting as a verb) of this verse, go, we find it in the imperative sense. This makes it a command. In Acts 2:38 the phrase “be baptized” occurs in the imperative mood which, again, makes this a command. The issue here remains not one of salvation, it abides as one of obedience. However, it stands to reason that one who truly receives salvation will want to follow the Lord in Baptism and be obedient to His Word.

Obedience is not the only reason a believer should be baptized. Baptism endures as a wonderful opportunity to tell the whole world about your new relationship with Jesus. Baptism tells everyone that you have been buried with Christ in His death and raised in His resurrection to newness of life. Water baptism declares to everyone that you are different, that you have become a new creation. You’re not the same person that you used to be. It tells everyone to watch your life and see if this is a way of life that they may want to follow. In this regard we see the importance of walking in the Spirit and in the truth of God’s Word so we do not become a stumbling block to someone else.

Closing Thoughts

Jack Hayford tells us that, “Baptism is not a ritual to be performed but rather a dynamic to be experienced.” As most believers’ first act of obedience baptism opens the door to experience all that baptism represents. Our old nature crucified with Christ and our new life raised in resurrection to live out all that God has awaiting us. We also must remember that this is not a once for all time transaction. In 1 Cor. 15:31, Paul says, “I die daily.” We must commit to live the baptized life on a daily basis, always staying above the dead habits of the past and walking in newness of life every day.

COSMOLOGICAL ARGUMENT FOR THE EXISTENCE OF GOD

INTRO

“Why is there something rather than nothing?”              Gottfried Wilhelm Leibnez

Today we start a long journey on our way toward proving the existence of God. In addition and most importantly, we will show that the Triune God of the Bible makes known that God. However, these first few posts will deal primarily with showing that a Supreme Being must exist.

THE COSMOLOGICAL ARGUMENT

We will begin with the cosmological argument for the existence of God focusing especially on the Kalam cosmological argument. The cosmological argument for the existence of God attempts to prove that because anything exists there must be a God who ushered it into existence.

To clarify, the basic design of the cosmological argument states that things exist. Furthermore, it is possible for those things to not exist. Consequently, if something that exists doesn’t have to exist, something caused it to come into being. Something would have to exist in order to bring itself into existence and yes, that sounds very illogical.

In addition, something cannot be brought into existence by an infinite number of causes. Indeed, an infinite recurrence of causes produces no initial cause, which means no cause of existence. Therefore, considering the universe exists, it must have a cause. In other words, an uncaused cause of all things must exist. This Uncaused Cause must be God.

KALAM COSMOLOGICAL ARGUMENT

Based on logic, the Kalam argument posits that the universe is not eternal. Therefore, it must have had a Cause outside the universe, that being God.

But how do we know that the universe is not eternal and therefore, infinite? First of all, the Big Bang Theory very strongly supports that the universe is finite. But, more importantly, philosophical logic upholds this position. Peter Kreft states in his Handbook of Christian Apologetics the following:

“Can an infinite task ever be done or completed? If, in order to reach a certain end, infinitely many steps had to precede it, could the end ever be reached? Of course not—not even in an infinite time. For an infinite time would be unending, just as the steps would be. In other words, no end would ever be reached. The task would—could—never be completed.

But what about the step just before the end? Could that point ever be reached? Well, if the task is really infinite, then an infinity of steps must also have preceded it. And therefore the step just before the end could also never be reached. But then neither could the step just before that one. In fact, no step in the sequence could be reached, because an infinity of steps must always have preceded any step; must always have been gone through one by one before it. The problem comes from supposing that an infinite sequence could ever reach, by temporal succession, any point at all.”

POTENTIAL AND ACTUAL INFINITIES

To understand Kreft’s argument one must understand potential and actual infinities. Both exist in math but only one exists in reality.

Potential Infinities

Potential infinities subsist of sets of numbers that continually increase by adding another number to the series. For example, a geometric line with a starting point could extend on, potentially, without end. Also, a list of numbers with a starting point can always have more number added to it. Nevertheless, a potential infinity can never actually be infinite. It remains a finite set of numbers to which another number can be added.

Actual Infinities

Sets of numbers to which no increment can be added due to their infiniteness represent actual infinities. These sets include all numbers so there is nothing to add. My mind hurts just trying to imagine this. Indeed, actual infinities do not and cannot exist in the physical world. To illustrate the absurdity of actual infinities let me first say that if the universe existed infinitely we would never have reached this point where I would be writing to you describing how the universe cannot be infinite. William Lane Craig describes this much better than me in this long quote on “Hilbert’s Hotel.”

“Let me use one of my favorites, Hilbert’s Hotel, a product of the mind of the great German mathematician, David Hilbert. Let us imagine a hotel with a finite number of rooms. Suppose, furthermore, that all the rooms are full. When a new guest arrives asking for a room, the proprietor apologizes, “Sorry, all the rooms are full.” But now let us imagine a hotel with an infinite number of rooms and suppose once more that all the rooms are full. There is not a single vacant room throughout the entire infinite hotel. Now suppose a new guest shows up, asking for a room. “But of course!” says the proprietor, and he immediately shifts the person in room #1 into room #2, the person in room #2 into room #3, the person in room #3 into room #4 and so on, out to infinity. As a result of these room changes, room #1 now becomes vacant and the new guest gratefully checks in. But remember, before he arrived, all the rooms were full! Equally curious, according to the mathematicians, there are now no more persons in the hotel than there were before: the number is just infinite. But how can this be? The proprietor just added the new guest’s name to the register and gave him his keys-how can there not be one more person in the hotel than before? But the situation becomes even stranger. For suppose an infinity of new guests show up to the desk, asking for a room. “Of course, of course!” says the proprietor, and he proceeds to shift the person in room #1 into room #2, the person in room #2 into room #4, the person in room #3 into room #6, and so on out to infinity, always putting each former occupant into the room number twice his own. As a result, all the odd numbered rooms become vacant, and the infinity of new guests is easily accommodated. And yet, before they came, all the rooms were full! And again, strangely enough, the number of guests in the hotel is the same after the infinity of new guests check in as before, even though there were as many new guests as old guests. In fact, the proprietor could repeat this process infinitely many times and yet there would never be one single person more in the hotel than before.

But Hilbert’s Hotel is even stranger than the German mathematician gave it out to be. For suppose some of the guests start to check out. Suppose the guest in room #1 departs. Is there not now one less person in the hotel? Not according to the mathematicians-but just ask the woman who makes the beds! Suppose the guests in room numbers 1, 3, 5, . . . check out. In this case an infinite number of people have left the hotel, but according to the mathematicians there are no less people in the hotel-but don’t talk to that laundry woman! In fact, we could have every other guest check out of the hotel and repeat this process infinitely many times, and yet there would never be any less people in the hotel. But suppose instead the persons in room number 4, 5, 6, . . . checked out. At a single stroke the hotel would be virtually emptied, the guest register reduced to three names, and the infinite converted to finitude. And yet it would remain true that the same number of guests checked out this time as when the guests in room numbers 1, 3, 5, . . . checked out. Can anyone sincerely believe that such a hotel could exist in reality? These sorts of absurdities illustrate the impossibility of the existence of an actually infinite number of things.”

One More Example

Now let’s apply this craziness to one simple law, the 2nd law of thermodynamics otherwise known as the law of entropy. According to the law of entropy, the amount of usable energy in the universe is running out and will eventually exhaust itself. If the universe existed as an actual infinity the amount of usable energy could run out but there would still be the same amount of usable energy as existed throughout all eternity. Doesn’t make a whole lot of sense does it? By the way, the law of entropy is probably the best evidence that the universe is not eternal and infinite.

CONCLUSION

I hope you can at least begin to see how the universe cannot be infinite and therefore must have a First Cause. The implications of this are staggering.

I can tell that this first post in this series on apologetics must encompass more than one post. So, in part two of this post we will discuss time and causality, the Uncaused Cause, the Leibnizian argument, and scientific arguments. I hope you like what you have read and if you do please be sure to hit the Facebook like button at the bottom of this page.

I’M SAVED – NOW WHAT?

“I’m saved now what?” This expresses an understandable question after one makes Jesus Lord of their life. Unfortunately a good number of those who ask this question never get the answer that they need. This post should serve as a good outline of what will be shared on this website to address this need. With this in mind, let us look at the three mountaintop experiences of a normal Christian.

MT. CALVARY

If we use the analogy of “mountaintop experiences of a Christian” it should make the answer to this question easier to visualize. Mt. Calvary looms as our first mountaintop experience. Indeed, Jesus was crucified for our sins there. This mountain enters as the starting point for our walk with God otherwise known as salvation. Another term for this is positional sanctification. At this point in your walk you are as saved as you ever will be in the eyes of God. Consequently, the Bible says that through Jesus justification enters our lives (Rom. 5:18). Justification does more than wipe our slate of sin clean. As a matter of fact, justification carries with it the idea that we have never sinned. Positionally, we transform into new creations (2 Cor. 5:17; Jn. 3:3-8). As a result, God looks at us as if we have never sinned!!! What a wonderful truth! However, we don’t need to stop here and grow stagnant, which brings us to the next mountaintop, Mt. Sinai.

MT. SINAI

At the first Pentecost, God came down from Mt. Sinai and dwelt in the Holy of Holies inside the tabernacle so that He could dwell among His chosen people, Israel. On the day of Pentecost in the second chapter of Acts, God came down and dwelt inside His people, the Church. He could not do this in the Old Testament because all the sacrifices in the world could not make them holy enough for God to indwell them. This took the Blood of the Lamb, God’s Son, Jesus. This indwelling of the Holy Spirit mentioned throughout the book of Acts is secondary to being born again. I will discuss this in more detail in a later blog. More importantly, this is the place where progressive sanctification begins. This is where God begins to mold us and shape us into the Image of His Son. We must understand that we must play our part in this process. We must be filled with the Holy Spirit daily (Eph. 5:18). We must read and study God’s Word (John 17:17; 2 Tim. 2:15). We must develop a prayer relationship with God (Eph. 6:18; 1 Thess. 5:17; Matt. 6:9-13). We must practice certain disciplines as outlined in the New Testament. Doing these things will not make you more saved. Indeed, according to Eph. 2:8,9, no amount of working we do earns salvation. However, most people never quote verse 10 of this passage which says, “We are His workmanship created in Christ Jesus for good works, which God prepared beforehand that we should walk in them.” Dallas Willard once said in an interview that, “Grace isn’t against works, it’s against earning.” This may sound overwhelming to some but don’t worry, if you are truly born again God will place a desire in you to want to get closer to Him. You will also find out real quick that your transformation into the image of Christ is not possible without the Holy Spirit’s help.

MT. ZION

Mt. Zion now enters our field of vision as the last mountaintop on our journey. Sometimes called ultimate sanctification or glorification, Mt. Zion rises as the preeminent goal of the Christian’s walk with God. One of my heroes, John Wesley, taught that this mountaintop could be achieved in this lifetime. He called it Christian perfection. He was sincerely wrong on this one. Your walk with God from Mt. Sinai until the day you die will be concerned with trying to reach this summit. You won’t make it. But don’t worry, God knows you won’t make it in this lifetime, but when you take your first step into heaven and hear the voice of your Savior saying, “Well done, good and faithful servant…enter into the joy of your Lord” (Matt. 25:21), you will realize that you have arrived.

CONCLUSION

I hope this post has given you some idea of what discipleship entails. We will be covering each one of these mountaintop experiences in much more detail in upcoming blog posts.

INTRODUCTION TO APOLOGETICS

We now embark on a journey into the world of apologetics. Everyone chooses their eternal destination whether they like to admit it or not. Apologetics attempts to steer people into making the correct choice.

Many different choices arise for a person to choose from when this subject rears it’s sometimes ugly head. Indeed, many different religions compete for your attention like items from a restaurant menu. Atheism and agnosticism also appear for your viewing pleasure.

Apologetics attempts to steer you to Christianity by presenting many different forms of evidence. However, Christianity is not presented as just another choice we make while shopping at the supermarket. Indeed, Christianity proclaims itself as the antidote, not a lifestyle choice or element of a well-thought-out world view. In Holman’s Quicksource Guide to Christian Apologetics we read, “Like the antidote, it can be painful and inconvenient. It can be socially unacceptable. But most of all, it can be offensive.” What this series of blog posts will attempt to show is that Christianity is also the absolute truth.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

This series on apologetics will be divided up into eight or nine (give or take a few) different sections. This first section will look at arguments for the existence of God.

We will investigate the cosmological argument for the existence of God first (specifically Kalam’s Argument), then the argument from efficient causality and also the argument from time and contingency.

In addition, we will look extensively at the argument from design, the argument from miracles and the argument from consciousness.

We will conclude this section on the existence of God on the moral argument. In addition we will take a light-hearted look at Pascal’s Wager.

FUTURE SECTIONS

Future sections of this blog series will deal with the nature of God, the problem of evil, God and grace, the reliability of the Bible, the resurrection, God and eternity, Christianity and other religions, objective truth, and finally, we will sum it all up with the bottom line.

THE ARGUMENT FROM AESTHETIC EXPERIENCE

One argument we will look at in this post is one put forth by Peter Kreft in his “Handbook of Christian Apologetics.” The argument from aesthetic experience simply states that, “There is the music of Johann Sebastian Bach. Therefore there must be a God. You either see this one or you don’t.”

CONCLUSION

Just so you know, I am not trying to reach Christians with these posts on apologetics. So don’t be surprised if you don’t see conclusive arguments proving Christianity at the beginning of this series. My first objective clarifies that a personal God exists. Once that is established we will press on to prove the personal God of Christianity is that God.

SALVATION

Welcome to Captured by Grace. I hope you find what you are looking for in the pages contained in this blog. This first post may be the most important post you ever see on this site. It will show you exactly where we stand on a very important subject: salvation and eternal life. Someone once told me that I was too narrow minded in my belief on this subject. I replied, “It’s alright to be narrow minded when you’re right.” I hope that doesn’t turn some of our readers off, but I am passionate about this message and refuse to be wishy-washy concerning it. Please take a look and truly consider what is being said.

ONLY ONE WAY

Simply put, Jesus is the only Way to heaven. The Scriptures tell us concerning Jesus that, “… there is salvation in no one else, for there is no other name under heaven given among men by which we must be saved.” Acts 4:12

Jesus Himself told us in John 14:6, “I Am the Way, the Truth, and the Life. No one comes to the Father except through Me.” You may ask, “How can Jesus claim to be the only way to heaven and to the Father when there are so many different religions clamoring for our attention?” The answer is an easy one. Although there are a great many differences between Christianity and other religions, there is one key difference: The Resurrection. In no other religion has their leader risen from the dead. Muhammad died and his bones are still in the grave, Buddha died and his bones are still in the grave, Zoroaster is dead and his bones are still in the grave, and many other examples could be given, but Jesus rose from the dead and ascended to heaven and is seated at the right hand of the Father. You may ask, “How do we know that the resurrection really happened?” The apostle Paul wrote in 1 Corinthians 15:3-8:

3  For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received, how that Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures;
4  And that he was buried, and that he rose again the third day according to the scriptures:
5  And that he was seen of Cephas, then of the twelve:
6  After that, he was seen of above five hundred brethren at once; of whom the greater part remain unto this present, but some are fallen asleep.
7  After that, he was seen of James; then of all the apostles.
8  And last of all he was seen of me also, as of one born out of due time.

This was not a mass hallucination, and the New Testament is probably the most well attested piece of literature in antiquity. No other work even comes close to the New Testament.

Why is the resurrection so Important? The apostle Paul said in 1 Corinthians 15 that if Christ is not risen, we are of all men most miserable. Take away the resurrection and Christianity falls apart. But He is risen! Over 500 people saw Him after the resurrection; the apostles died horrific deaths on account of their faith and devotion to Him. Why would so many people die for a lie?

“MEN AND BRETHREN, WHAT SHALL WE DO?”

Acknowledge You are a Sinner

Romans 3:10 says, “There is none righteous, no not one.”  V. 23 of the same chapter tells us that, “All have sinned and fall short of the glory of God.” It is very popular today for a person to say that, “I’m not a bad person, God will let me in to heaven, I’m ok.” However, when we weigh ourselves against God’s law, the 10 commandments, we fall way short. Jesus made it even tougher when he told us that if you hate someone in your heart you have committed murder or when you lust after someone in your heart you have committed adultery. That leaves us all in a bad spot because sin separates us from God. It gets worse. Romans 6:23 tells us that, “The wages of sin is death…” This is speaking of eternal death and separation from God. But there is hope!!!

Christ Died For Us

Romans 5:8 says, “But God demonstrates His own love towards us, in that while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us. This is great news!!! Jesus took our punishment that we deserved on the cross. Imagine with me for a moment, you, standing before a judge after committing some heinous crime, worthy of death. The judge is about to pass sentence upon you when all of a sudden, someone storms into the court room and yells, “Wait your honor, I have come to take the punishment that this person deserves.” You see, that is what  Jesus did for each one of us.

Free Gift

Remember what we read in Romans 6:23 about the wages of sin being death? There is a wonderful word that follows death in this scripture, “But, the free gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.” You see, it is a free gift. Nothing we could ever do would be enough to earn this great salvation that God offers us. You just have to receive it. You ask, “How do I receive it then?

The Way of Salvation

In Acts 2:38 says, “Repent, and be baptized in the Name of Jesus Christ for (better translated because of ) the remission of sin; and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.” Romans 10:9 says, “That if you confess with your mouth the Lord Jesus and believe in your heart that God raised Him from the dead, you shall be saved.” Romans 10:13 says, “For whosoever shall call upon the Name of the Lord shall be saved.”  We must acknowledge that we are sinners and turn from our sins (repent). We must believe (sincerely and truly believe) that Jesus died and was raised from the dead. And don’t leave out confessing Him as Lord of your life. Then we receive His free gift of salvation.

THE SINNERS PRAYER

If this post has touched your heart and you would like to receive Jesus as your Lord and Savior, Just pray this simple prayer and ask Him into your heart now:

Father God, I come to you now confessing that I am a sinner and I need the salvation that You offer through Jesus Christ Your Son. I ask that You would forgive me of all my sins; I turn away from my sins right now in the Name of Jesus. I confess with my mouth that Jesus is the Lord and Savior of my life and I will follow Him for the rest of my days. I believe in my heart that Jesus died for me and then rose again from the dead on the third day. Father, I thank You for Your great salvation and for forgiving me for all my sins. In Jesus Name, Amen

If you prayed that prayer from a sincere heart you are now part of God’s family and you have just made the best, most important decision of your life. Hallelujah!!!

I would sure like to hear from you if you just made this decision or if you just want to comment or ask questions. Thank you.

In His Service,

William

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